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The calcium channel antagonists verapamil nifedipine and flunarizine all increased the threshold for convulsions induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate in rats. By contrast, only flunarizine blocked the long-term serotonin-depleting effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine. Flunarizine was also the only drug that antagonized methamphetamine-induced stereotypy.(More)
Neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ is the endogenous ligand for the opioid-receptor-like receptor 1 (ORL1), mediating essential functions in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The present study was performed to investigate the role of nociceptin and ORL1 receptor in nociception and morphine-induced antinociception in the arcuate nucleus of(More)
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