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The value of the zebrafish model has been well established. However, culture variability within and among laboratories remains a concern, particularly as it relates to nutrition. Investigators using rodent models addressed this concern several decades ago and have developed strict nutritional regimes to which their models adhere. These investigators(More)
A cDNA library was constructed using poly(A+) RNA isolated from eyestalk neural ganglia of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. The library was screened using a probe generated by PCR based on the published amino acid sequence of molt-inhibiting hormone from the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. DNA sequence analysis of one positive clone revealed a 339 bp open(More)
The concentrations of progesterone, testosterone, and estradiol were determined via radioimmunoassay in testes, ovaries, and pyloric caeca of the sea star Asterias vulgaris during one complete and two partial gametogenic cycles. These compounds were found in all tissues examined and were present in quantities similar to those reported previously in other(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) induction in the gills of the euryhaline blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, was measured in response to lowered environmental salinity. Simultaneous measurements of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity were made in gills and nonbranchial tissues to determine whether ODC activity and the resultant synthesis of polyamines played a role(More)
The need to develop standardized diets to support zebrafish (Danio rerio) research is supported by the knowledge that specific dietary ingredients, nutrients, or antinutritional factors in diets have been shown to affect development and growth of adult D. rerio and their offspring. In this study, there were seven dietary treatments consisting of five(More)
Peripheral nerve blockade is gaining popularity as an analgesic option for both upper or lower limb surgery. Published evidence supports the improved efficacy of regional techniques when compared to conventional opioid analgesia. The incidence of neurological deficit after surgery associated with peripheral nerve block is unclear. This paper reports on(More)
Sex steroid levels and steroid metabolism were investigated in relation to early gonadal development in a mixed sex population of the tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Androstenedione (AD), testosterone (T), 11-ketotestosterone (KT), and estradiol (E2) were quantified by radioimmunoassay (RIA) of whole body extracts. Androstenedione metabolism was assessed by(More)
In the present study we examined the metabolic fate of progesterone (P4) in homogenate and tissue minces of the ovaries and testes of Lytechinus variegatus. P4 was metabolized primarily into 5alpha-reduced metabolites including, 5alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione (DHP), 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3beta,20-one), 5alpha-pregnane-3beta,20alpha-diol(More)
1. Cell-free homogenates of male and female pyloric caeca, body wall, testis and ovary were incubated with radiolabeled 3H-androstenedione. 2. Pyloric caeca had highest rates of androstenedione conversion. The predominant metabolites in the pyloric caeca were testosterone, 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta, 17 beta-diol and 5 beta-androstane-3 beta, 17 beta-diol.(More)