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The dynamics at the plasma membrane resulting from secretory vesicle docking and fusion and compensatory endocytosis has been difficult to observe in living cells primarily due to limited resolution at the light microscopic level. Using the atomic force microscope, we have been able to image and record changes in plasma membrane structure at ultrahigh(More)
We describe the route by which aldosterone-triggered macromolecules enter and exit the cell nucleus of Xenopus laevis oocyte. Oocytes were microinjected with 50 fmol aldosterone and then enucleated 2-30 min after injection. After isolation, nuclear envelope electrical resistance (NEER) was measured in the intact cell nuclei by using the nuclear hourglass(More)
In the last decade, several monomeric and heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins have been identified to associate with secretory vesicles and to be implicated in exocytosis. Vesicle volume also has been proposed to play a regulatory role in secretory vesicle fusion at the plasma membrane. However, the molecular mechanism of function of the(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a useful technique for imaging the surface of living cells in three dimensions. The authors applied AFM to obtain morphological information of individual cultured endothelial cells of bovine aorta under stationary and strain conditions and to simultaneously measure changes in cell volume in response to aldosterone. This(More)
Migration of transformed renal epithelial cells (transformed Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, MDCK-F cells) relies on the activity of a Ca2+-sensitive K+ channel (IK channel) that is more active at the rear end of these cells. We have postulated that intermittent IK channel activity induces local cell shrinkage at the rear end of migrating MDCK-F cells and(More)
This review focuses on the role of the peripheral nervous system in cutaneous biology and disease. During the last few years, a modern concept of an interactive network between cutaneous nerves, the neuroendocrine axis, and the immune system has been established. We learned that neurocutaneous interactions influence a variety of physiological and(More)
There is accumulating evidence that mineralocorticoids not only act on kidney but also on the cardiovascular system. We investigated the response of human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVECs) to aldosterone at a time scale of 20 minutes in absence and presence of the aldosterone antagonist spironolactone or other transport inhibitors. We applied(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), mediated by endothelial tight junctions, is defective in malignant gliomas such as glioblastoma, resulting in cerebral edema and contrast enhancement upon neuroradiological examination. The mechanisms underlying BBB breakdown are essentially unknown. Since non-neoplastic astrocytes are required to induce BBB features of(More)
 Proteins are usually identified by their molecular weights, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) produces images of single molecules in three dimensions. We have used AFM to measure the molecular volumes of a number of proteins and to determine any correlation with their known molecular weights. We used native proteins (the TATA-binding protein Tbp, a fusion(More)
The application of nanotechnology concepts to medicine joins two large cross-disciplinary fields with an unprecedented societal and economical potential arising from the natural combination of specific achievements in the respective fields. The common basis evolves from the molecular-scale properties relevant to the two fields. Local probes and molecular(More)