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1. Post-synaptic responses to acetylcholine (ACh) released from nerve terminals and from iontophoretic micropipettes were investigated in skeletal muscle fibres of the snake. Each fibre has a compact end-plate consisting of fifty to seventy synaptic boutons. The fibres were voltage clamped, and synaptic currents were recorded from visually identified(More)
We previously proposed that, in sympathetic ganglia of the bullfrog, a peptide which resembles luteinizing hormone-releasing factor (LH-RF, luliberin) functions as the transmitter for the late slow excitatory postsynaptic potential (epsp), a signal that may last 5-10 min. To test this hypothesis further, we have compared the physiological andpharmacological(More)
1. Synaptic transmission was studied in visually identified parasympathetic ganglion cells that modulate the heart beat of the mudpuppy Necturus maculosus).2. The brief pulse of acetylcholine (ACh) released from terminals of the vagus nerve after each impulse can produce two distinct post-synaptic responses in individual principal cells of the ganglion: (i)(More)
A search was made in sympathetic ganglia of the bullfrog for a noncholinergic, nonaminergic transmitter that is released by a distinct group of preganglionic axons. These initiate a late slow excitatory postsynaptic potential which lasts for many minutes. The most promising candidate for the role of transmitter is a peptide that resembles luteinizing(More)
1. The sensitivity of the subsynaptic membrane of twitch muscles of the frog and snake to iontophoretically applied acetylcholine (ACh) was determined. Optimal placement of ACh micropipettes on to the postsynaptic membrane resulted in potentials that were similar, though not identical, to the miniature excitatory post-synaptic potentials (min e.p.s.p.s). A(More)
A single-electrode voltage clamp was used to study the slow muscarinic and late slow peptidergic excitatory post-synaptic currents (e.p.s.c.s) in B cells of the paravertebral sympathetic ganglia of the bull-frog. Conductance decreases were measured during peptidergic e.p.s.c.s in nearly all cells at clamped potentials near the resting level. In about half(More)
1. The distribution of acetylcholine (ACh) sensitivity was mapped in skeletal twitch muscles of the snake, frog and mudpuppy with iontophoretic methods that provide a resolution in the mum range. 2. The preparations were thin sheets of muscle fibres that were viewed with Nomarski optics, giving sharp definition of cellular detail. The muscles in the snake(More)
1. Postsynaptic responses to acetylcholine released from nerve terminals and from iontophoretic micropipettes were investigated in skeletal twitch-muscle fibers of the snake. The preparation consists of thin sheets of muscle fibers in which details of the end plate, including the outlines of individual synaptic boutons, are clearly seen in the living state.(More)
REFERENCES Concerning multiple-dates in the form " (a/c) " or " (a/b/c) " :-The a = date of the original publication in the original language; c = date of the version principally referred to; while b = date of first edition in English (subject to occasional complications due to different publication dates in different countries). (1958). " The positive and(More)
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