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Autosomal-recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP) is caused by loss-of-function mutations of the parkin gene. Parkin, a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase, is responsible for the ubiquitination and degradation of substrate proteins that are important in the survival of dopamine neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Accordingly, the abnormal accumulation of(More)
CYP1A2, CYP2D6 and N-acetyltransferase activities were estimated in 100 patients with bladder cancer and 84 control subjects from measurements of theophylline, metoprolol and isoniazid and their metabolites in urine, respectively. The frequency of occurrence of slow acetylators of isoniazid and poor metabolizers of metoprolol were 16.7% and 1.2% in the(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. While the underlying cause of this cell death is poorly understood, oxidative stress is thought to play a role. We have previously shown that tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an obligatory co-factor for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH),(More)
Oxidative stress is believed to contribute to the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease, in which nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) neurons undergo degeneration. Identification of endogenous molecules that contribute to generation of oxidative stress and vulnerability of these cells is critical in understanding the etiology of this disease. Exposure to(More)
Autophagosomes are accumulated in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the regulatory pathway of autophagy in AD remains largely unknown. By using electron microscopy, Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry, here we show that autophagosomes are accumulated in rat neurons by okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase-2A inhibitor known to enhance tau(More)
Various source-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been considered for cell therapeutics in incurable diseases. To characterize MSCs from different sources, we compared human bone marrow (BM), adipose tissue (AT), and umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs (UCB-MSCs) for surface antigen expression, differentiation ability, proliferation capacity,(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with selective loss of the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. We have previously shown that tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), the obligatory cofactor for dopamine synthesis, exerts selective toxicity on dopamine-producing cells. In the present study we determined, both in vitro and in vivo,(More)
We determined whether the preferential toxicity of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on dopamine-producing cells, which we have previously observed in vitro, might also occur in vivo and generate characteristics associated with Parkinson's disease. Intrastriatal BH4 injection caused a loss of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity and decreased dopamine content. The(More)
BACKGROUND Axonal regeneration is a prerequisite for recovery from spinal cord injury. Here, we investigated whether Wnt3a-secreting fibroblasts exert a favorable effect on spinal cord regeneration in spinal cord-injured rats. METHODS Spinal cord injury (SCI) was induced in rats (n = 21) using an NYU impactor. One week after SCI, rats were assigned to a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as an essential intercellular messenger in central and peripheral nervous systems. In the present study, whether NO exerts effects on catecholamine (CA) biosynthetic enzymes was determined in primary cultured bovine chromaffin cells. The NO generators sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine, in a(More)