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The slow (<1 Hz) rhythm, the most important electroencephalogram (EEG) signature of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, is generally viewed as originating exclusively from neocortical networks. Here we argue that the full manifestation of this fundamental sleep oscillation in a corticothalamic module requires the dynamic interaction of three cardinal(More)
1. Intracellular sharp electrode current clamp and discontinuous single electrode voltage clamp recordings were made from thalamocortical neurones (n = 57) of the cat ventrobasal thalamus in order to investigate the mechanism underlying anomalous rectification. 2. Under current clamp conditions, voltage-current (V-I) relationships in a potential range of(More)
Spikelets, or fast prepotentials as they are frequently referred to, are a common feature of the electrophysiology of central neurones and are invariably correlated with the presence of electrotonic coupling via gap junctions. Here we report that in the presence of the metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists, trans-ACPD or DHPG, thalamocortical neurones of(More)
Several aspects of perception, particularly those pertaining to vision, are closely linked to the occipital alpha (alpha) rhythm. However, how the alpha rhythm relates to the activity of neurons that convey primary visual information is unknown. Here we show that in behaving cats, thalamocortical neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) that operate(More)
During deep sleep and anesthesia, the EEG of humans and animals exhibits a distinctive slow (<1 Hz) rhythm. In inhibitory neurons of the nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT), this rhythm is reflected as a slow (<1 Hz) oscillation of the membrane potential comprising stereotypical, recurring "up" and "down" states. Here we show that reducing the leak current(More)
An increasing number of EEG and resting state fMRI studies in both humans and animals indicate that spontaneous low frequency fluctuations in cerebral activity at <0.1 Hz (infra-slow oscillations, ISOs) represent a fundamental component of brain functioning, being known to correlate with faster neuronal ensemble oscillations, regulate behavioural(More)
Although EEG alpha (8-13 Hz) rhythms are traditionally thought to reflect an "idling" brain state, they are also linked to several important aspects of cognition, perception, and memory. Here we show that reactivating cholinergic input, a key component in normal cognition and memory operations, in slices of the cat primary visual and somatosensory thalamus,(More)
All three forms of recombinant low voltage-activated T-type Ca(2)(+) channels (Ca(v)3.1, Ca(v)3.2 and Ca(v)3.3) exhibit a small, though clearly evident, window T-type Ca(2)(+) current (I(Twindow)) which is also present in native channels from different neuronal types. In thalamocortical (TC) and nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) neurones, and possibly in(More)
1 species, these somatosensory rhythms occur synchronously with rhythmic bursting in thalamic neurons (Bou-2 Research Group of Neurobiology aging (fMRI), which show a correlation between EEG ␣ band power and thalamic metabolic activity (Larson et Hungarian Academy of Sciences Pá zmá ny P. Budapest Hungary During drowsiness, a scenario which is considered to(More)
In the absence of external stimuli, the mammalian brain continues to display a rich variety of spontaneous activity. Such activity is often highly stereotypical, is invariably rhythmic, and can occur with periodicities ranging from a few milliseconds to several minutes. Recently, there has been a particular resurgence of interest in fluctuations in brain(More)