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The design of artificial molecular machines often takes inspiration from macroscopic machines. However, the parallels between the two systems are often only superficial, because most molecular machines are governed by quantum processes. Previously, rotary molecular motors powered by light and chemical energy have been developed. In electrically driven(More)
An extensive redistribution of spin density in TBrPP-Co molecules adsorbed on a Cu(111) surface is investigated by monitoring Kondo resonances at different locations on single molecules. Remarkably, the width of the Kondo resonance is found to be much larger on the organic ligands than on the central cobalt atom-reflecting enhanced spin-electron(More)
Molecular crystals from thiophene molecules can be doped with TCNQ-F4 molecules for use in all-organic optoelectronic and semiconductor devices. The charge transfer and the molecular orbital energy level formation in between these two organic molecules are investigated here by density functional theory calculations. The isolated molecules are calculated(More)
How small can a sample of superconducting material be and still display superconductivity? This question is relevant to our fundamental understanding of superconductivity, and also to applications in nanoscale electronics, because Joule heating of interconnecting wires is a major problem in nanoscale devices. It has been shown that ultrathin layers of metal(More)
Atomic and molecular manipulations with the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) lead to many fascinating advances during the last decade. Recent achievements in inducing all of the basic steps of a chemical reaction with the STM at a single-molecule level open up entirely new opportunities in chemistry on the nanoscale. In this article, we review various(More)
The respiratory tracts of bronchiectasis patients may be persistently colonized with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, despite intensive chemotherapy. The organism may undergo phenotypic changes in these patients, providing misleading typing results by conventional methods. We prospectively studied eight bronchiectasis patients without cystic fibrosis over a period(More)
A range of artificial molecular systems has been created that can exhibit controlled linear and rotational motion. In the further development of such systems, a key step is the addition of communication between molecules in a network. Here, we show that a two-dimensional array of dipolar molecular rotors can undergo simultaneous rotational switching when(More)
Electron donor-acceptor molecular charge transfer complexes (CTCs) formed by alpha-sexithiophene (6T) and tetrafluoro-tetracyano-quinodimethane (F4TCNQ) on a Au(111) surface are investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy, spectroscopy, and spectroscopic imaging at 6 K. New hybrid molecular orbitals are formed in the CTCs, and the highest occupied(More)
By means of scanning tunneling microscopy measurements and density functional theory calculations, we identify the reaction mechanism for the oxidation of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide on the Rh(110) surface at 160 K, which appears to be completely different than the one active at room temperature. The reasons for these different behaviors are(More)
We investigate the atomistic details of a single atom-extraction process realized by using the scanning tunneling microscope tip-cluster interaction on a Ag(111) surface at 6 K. Single atoms are extracted from a silver cluster one atom at a time using small tunneling biases less than 35 mV. Combined total energy calculations and molecular dynamics(More)