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Collectively, the evidence from epidemiologic, animal and human studies strongly suggests that folate status modulates the risk of developing cancers in selected tissues, the most notable of which is the colorectum. Folate depletion appears to enhance carcinogenesis whereas folate supplementation above what is presently considered to be the basal(More)
Methylation events play a critical role in the ability of growth factors to promote normal development. Neurodevelopmental toxins, such as ethanol and heavy metals, interrupt growth factor signaling, raising the possibility that they might exert adverse effects on methylation. We found that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)- and dopamine-stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Diminished folate status is associated with enhanced colorectal carcinogenesis. This study investigated the potential chemopreventive role of dietary folate in the dimethylhydrazine colorectal cancer model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing either 0, 2 (daily dietary requirement), 8 or 40 mg folate/kg(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic feature of DNA that influences cellular development and function, and aberrations of DNA methylation are a candidate mechanism for the development of cancer. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) catalyzes the synthesis of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, the methyl donor for methionine synthesis and the precursor of(More)
A beta-1,4-endoglucanase gene (celA) from Pseudomonas sp. YD-15 was cloned in Escherichia coli DH5 alpha and its nucleotide sequence determined. The open reading frame of celA was 1830 base pairs and the enzyme was composed of 609 amino acids with a molecular weight of 63,617 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence and putative active site of CelA had high(More)
Most colon cancers exhibiting microsatellite instability (MI), a mutator phenotype of mismatch repair failure, are associated with mutations of the transforming growth factor-beta receptor type II genes (TGF-beta RII). Of intestinal- and diffuse-type gastric carcinomas, the former have been thought to arise from intestinal metaplasia in which gastric mucosa(More)
OBJECTIVES Motor vehicle crash fatality rates have been consistently higher in rural areas than in urban areas. However, the explanations for these differences are less clear. In this study the decomposition method was used to explore the factors associated with increased fatal crash involvement rates in rural communities. DESIGN Using national databases,(More)
AIMS To test degradation of malic acid content in wine by immobilized Issatchenkia orientalis KMBL 5774 cells recently isolated from Korean wine pomace as a malic acid-degrading yeast. METHODS AND RESULTS I. orientalis KMBL 5774 cells were immobilized using a mixture of oriental oak (Quercus variabilis) charcoal with sodium alginate. When the immobilized(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic alcoholism in humans is associated with the development of hyperhomocysteinemia, the mechanism of which remains unclear. Among the causes of hyperhomocysteinemia is depletion of folate, vitamin B12, or vitamin B6. Population-based studies indicate that folate is the strongest vitamin determinant of hyperhomocysteinemia and, in most(More)
BACKGROUND Recent study has demonstrated that Sasa quelpaertensis (Korean name, Jeju-Joritdae) extracts inhibit cellular melanogenesis implicating potential use in the control of skin pigmentation. OBJECTIVES The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the active constituents of this plant inhibiting melanogenesis and the associated mechanism. (More)