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Collectively, the evidence from epidemiologic, animal and human studies strongly suggests that folate status modulates the risk of developing cancers in selected tissues, the most notable of which is the colorectum. Folate depletion appears to enhance carcinogenesis whereas folate supplementation above what is presently considered to be the basal(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic feature of DNA that influences cellular development and function, and aberrations of DNA methylation are a candidate mechanism for the development of cancer. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) catalyzes the synthesis of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, the methyl donor for methionine synthesis and the precursor of(More)
Methylation events play a critical role in the ability of growth factors to promote normal development. Neurodevelopmental toxins, such as ethanol and heavy metals, interrupt growth factor signaling, raising the possibility that they might exert adverse effects on methylation. We found that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)- and dopamine-stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Diminished folate status is associated with enhanced colorectal carcinogenesis. This study investigated the potential chemopreventive role of dietary folate in the dimethylhydrazine colorectal cancer model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing either 0, 2 (daily dietary requirement), 8 or 40 mg folate/kg(More)
BACKGROUND Recent study has demonstrated that Sasa quelpaertensis (Korean name, Jeju-Joritdae) extracts inhibit cellular melanogenesis implicating potential use in the control of skin pigmentation. OBJECTIVES The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the active constituents of this plant inhibiting melanogenesis and the associated mechanism. (More)
Microsatellite alterations such as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MSI) are observed in most (70% to 80%) gastric carcinomas. To determine whether the microsatellite genotypes are correlated with clinicopathological features, 118 patients with gastric carcinomas were examined by using polymorphic microsatellite markers for LOH(More)
OBJECTIVES Motor vehicle crash fatality rates have been consistently higher in rural areas than in urban areas. However, the explanations for these differences are less clear. In this study the decomposition method was used to explore the factors associated with increased fatal crash involvement rates in rural communities. DESIGN Using national databases,(More)
Most colon cancers exhibiting microsatellite instability (MI), a mutator phenotype of mismatch repair failure, are associated with mutations of the transforming growth factor-beta receptor type II genes (TGF-beta RII). Of intestinal- and diffuse-type gastric carcinomas, the former have been thought to arise from intestinal metaplasia in which gastric mucosa(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Frequent allelic deletion affecting the mutated in colon cancer/adenomatous polyposis coli (MCC/APC) and p53 tumor suppressor gene loci has been reported in human cancers. However, simultaneous correlative analyses of these two abnormalities or their timing in gastric tumorigenesis have not been performed. METHODS To ascertain the relation(More)