S Viswanathan

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BACKGROUND Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is an important prematurity-related morbidity, but remains inadequately investigated in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, the group most at risk. The objective was to describe the incidence and associated risk factors of MBD in ELBW infants. METHODS Retrospective analysis of all ELBW infants admitted(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. In a case–control study, medical records of all ELBW infants who were admitted to our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between 1 January 2000 and 31 January 2008 were reviewed. During the study period,(More)
The aim of this retrospective, case–control study was to determine the effect of the amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) on serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), sodium (Na), and potassium (K) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Medical records of all VLBW infants who were admitted to our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between May 1998 and(More)
BACKGROUND Compared with early enteral feeds, the delayed introduction and slow advancement of enteral feedings to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are not well studied in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. OBJECTIVE To study the effects of a standardized slow enteral feeding (SSEF) protocol in ELBW infants. METHODS ELBW(More)
BACKGROUND In response to a national shortage of parenteral phosphorus solutions (2013), a hospital-wide phosphorus dose restriction strategies was implemented which included judicious use of phosphorus in preterm infants <1250 g birth weight and no parenteral phosphorus in preterm infants >1250 g birth weight unless they have a critically low phosphorus(More)
Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is an accepted treatment for hyperthyroidism and a 555-MBq (15-mCi) dose is frequently used. We aimed to assess treatment outcome with this dose, and to identify predictors of successful treatment. An analysis of 478 treated patients demonstrated an overall four-month cure rate of 79.5%; success rate was higher in patients with(More)
In an attempt to determine the risk factors associated with the need for a tracheostomy in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, a retrospective, case control study was conducted (each infant with a tracheostomy [case] was matched to two controls). Medical records were reviewed for patients' characteristics, risk factors for tracheostomy and outcome.(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the incidence and associated risk factors of urinary tract infection (UTI) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine the value of diagnostic imaging studies after the first UTI episode before discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS VLBW infants born during 2003-2012 were reviewed for UTI. In a(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a quality improvement (QI) program of delayed umbilical cord clamping (DCC) in multiple and singleton preterm infants born at our center. METHODS After DCC protocol implementation, compliance and success rate were assessed. Clinical outcomes of selected 150 preterm infants <34 weeks gestation born in 2014(More)