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The interferon (IFN)-induced, double stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated serine/threonine kinase, PKR, is a potent negative regulator of cell growth when overexpressed in yeast or mammalian cells. Paradoxically, while it can function as a tumor suppressor and inducer of apoptosis, it is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers. To resolve this enigma, we(More)
In this study, we explored the possibility that PKR, a dsRNA-activated regulatory protein, is an essential component in the differentiation program of myogenic cells in vitro. For this purpose, we used a retroviral expression vector pMV7, harboring the PKR dominant-negative mutant PKRDelta6 (pMV7-p68Delta6). Murine C2C12 myogenic cells were transfected(More)
The involvement of the double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase PKR in the regulation of the myogenic process was investigated. For this purpose, the murine myogenic cell line C2C12 was used. The cells were first cultivated in either growth medium or differentiation medium (DM), and the activation of PKR during differentiation was determined by(More)
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