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— Voice enabled applications over the Internet are rapidly gaining popularity. Reducing the total bandwidth requirement can make a non-trivial difference for the subscribers having low speed connectivity. Voice Activity Detection algorithms for VoIP applications can save bandwidth by filtering the frames that do not contain speech. In this paper we(More)
— The complexity of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters is dominated by the number of adders (subtractors) used to implement the coefficient multipliers. A greedy Common Subexpression Elimination (CSE) algorithm with a look-ahead method based on the Canonic Signed Digit (CSD) representation of filter coefficients for implementing low complexity FIR(More)
Lack of a genotype-independent transformation protocol for sunflower is a major bottleneck in improving this important oilseed crop. An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol is described, which was adaptable across a broad range of sunflower genotypes. The improved transformation approach used cotyledons from mature seeds vertically split(More)
— Realtime voice communication over the Internet has rapidly gained popularity. It is indeed essential to reduce the total bandwidth consumption to efficiently use the available bandwidth for the subscribers having low speed connectivity and even otherwise. In this paper we introduce a novel technique to identify the voice and silent regions of a speech(More)
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