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Biochemical data implicate an underlying disorder of androgen biosynthesis and/or metabolism in the aetiology of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We have examined the segregation of the genes coding for two key enzymes in the synthesis and metabolism of androgens, cholesterol side chain cleavage (CYP11a) and aromatase (CYP19), with PCOS in 20(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting up to 10% of women of reproductive age. Women with anovulatory PCOS have hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, and dyslipidaemia, and the syndrome is associated with greatly increased risks of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease and it often(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is most likely a complex trait with an oligogenic basis. In this article, we present evidence from molecular genetic studies for involvement of the steroid synthesis gene CYP11a (coding for P450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage) in the aetiology of hyperandrogenism. Variation in the regulatory region of the insulin gene also(More)
BACKGROUND It is not uncommon for patients requiring a period of time in the intensive care unit (ICU) to experience difficulties with communication and/or swallowing, either as a result of their illness or as a result of the treatments they receive. These difficulties can be both short term and long term and require timely and appropriate intervention in(More)
The use of computer-based real-time visual displays is now well established in voice clinics. A number of situations exist, however, where a computer-based system is inconvenient and a battery-powered hand-held version would be preferred. This would, for example, enable voice monitoring to be carried out at any time and place, including during home visits.(More)
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