S. V. Balandin

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are evolutionarily ancient factors of the innate immune system that serve as a crucial first line of defense for humans, animals, and plants against infection. This review focuses on the structural organization, biosynthesis, and biological functions of AMPs that possess a β-hairpin spatial structure. Representatives of this(More)
The recombinant isoforms Lc-LTP1 and Lc-LTP3 of the lentil lipid transfer protein were overexpressed in E. coli cells. It was confirmed that both proteins are stabilized by four disulfide bonds and characterized by a high proportion of the α-helical structure. It was found that Lc-LTP1 and Lc-LTP3 possess antimicrobial activity and can bind fatty acids.(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play an important role in the innate defense mechanisms in humans and animals. We have isolated and studied a set of antimicrobial peptides from leukocytes of the Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii belonging to a subclass of chondrosteans, an ancient group of bony fish. Structural analysis of the isolated peptides,(More)
Antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs) are among the most important components of the immune system of multicellular organisms. The role of AMPs is of particular importance for invertebrates which constitute the vast majority of species diversity of the living world, because these animals lack acquired immunity. The AMPs of animal origin are(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) of invertebrates are characterized by a wide variety of mechanisms of their action that involve not only disruption of the barrier function of a membrane of a target cell, but specific inhibition of metabolism processes via ligand-receptor interactions with specific molecules on the surface or within the cell as well.(More)
In spite of all the advances in cancer treatment made in recent years, one of the main problems in this field that remains extremely urgent is the development of drug resistance to the chemotherapeutic agents currently in use due to clonal microevolution of tumor tissue. Numerous publications devoted to the study of cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) of neutrophils play an important role in the animal and human host defenses. We have isolated two AMPs (average molecular masses of 2895.5 and 2739.3 Da), with potent antimicrobial activity from neutrophils of the domestic goat (Capra hircus). A structural analysis of the obtained peptides revealed that they encompass(More)
Lipid-protein nanodiscs (LPNs) are nanoscaled fragments of a lipid bilayer stabilized in solution by the apolipoprotein or a special membrane scaffold protein (MSP). In this work, the applicability of LPN-based membrane mimetics in the investigation of water-soluble membrane-active peptides was studied. It was shown that a pore-forming antimicrobial peptide(More)
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