S. Tyler Staelin

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Knowledge of electrical tissue conductivity is necessary to determine deposition of electromagnetic energy and can further be used to diagnostically differentiate between normal and neoplastic tissue. We measured 17 rats with a total of 24 tumours of the K12/TRb rat colon cancer cell line. In each animal we measured in vivo hepatic tumour and normal tissue(More)
Radio-frequency (RF) ablation is an important means of treatment of nonresectable primary and metastatic liver tumors. RF ablation, unlike cryoablation (a method of tumor destruction that utilizes cold rather than heat), must be performed with a single probe placed serially. The ablation of any but the smallest tumor requires the use of multiple overlapping(More)
Radio-frequency (RF) ablation has become an important means of treatment of nonresectable primary and metastatic liver tumors. Major limitations are small lesion size, which make multiple applications necessary, and incomplete killing of tumor cells, resulting in high recurrence rates. We examined a new bipolar RF ablation method incorporating two probes(More)
Radio-frequency (RF) hepatic ablation, offers an alternative method for the treatment of hepatic malignancies. We employed finite-element method (FEM) analysis to determine tissue temperature distribution during RF hepatic ablation. We constructed three-dimensional (3-D) thermal-electrical FEM models consisting of a four-tine RF probe, hepatic tissue, and a(More)
The resistivity of swine liver tissue was measured in vivo, during induced ischaemia and post-mortem, so that associated changes in resistivity could be quantified. Plunge electrodes, the four-terminal method and a computer-automated measurement system were used to acquire resistivities between 10 Hz and 1 MHz. Liver resistivity was measured in vivo in(More)
As a prerequisite for a human clinical trial using interleukin (IL)-12 gene therapy, the biodistribution and safety of IL-12, administered as an intradermal naked DNA injection, was evaluated in mice. The pNGVL3-mIL12 plasmid used in this study is a nonviral vector designed to induce a high level of IL-12 protein expression during a transient transfection(More)
The principal cause of the clinical failure of bioprosthetic heart valves fabricated from glutaraldehyde-pretreated porcine aortic valves is calcification. Other prostheses composed of tissue-derived and polymeric biomaterials also are complicated by deposition of mineral. We have previously demonstrated that: (a) Failure due to calcification of clinical(More)
The refinement of minimally invasive surgical techniques has impacted all areas of surgical practice. Laparoscopic approaches to lumbar spine fusion via the transperitoneal and retroperitoneal routes have similarly evolved with the development of new techniques and instruments unique to this procedure. The benefits of laparoscopic fusion techniques include(More)
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