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A nonlinear conjugate gradient optimization scheme is used to obtain excitation energies within the random phase approximation (RPA). The solutions to the RPA eigenvalue equation are located through a variational characterization using a modified Thouless functional, which is based upon an asymmetric Rayleigh quotient, in an orthogonalized atomic orbital(More)
The Condon approximation is widely applied in molecular and condensed matter spectroscopy and states that electronic transition dipoles are independent of nuclear positions. This approximation is related to the Franck-Condon principle, which in its simplest form holds that electronic transitions are instantaneous on the time scale of nuclear motion. The(More)
We have studied the optical transition energies of single-wall carbon nanotubes over broad diameter (0.7-2.3 nm) and energy (1.26-2.71 eV) ranges, using their radial breathing mode Raman spectra. We establish the diameter and chiral angle dependence of the poorly studied third and fourth optical transitions in semiconducting tubes. Comparative analysis(More)
State-of-the-art photovoltaics use high-purity, large-area, wafer-scale single-crystalline semiconductors grown by sophisticated, high-temperature crystal growth processes. We demonstrate a solution-based hot-casting technique to grow continuous, pinhole-free thin films of organometallic perovskites with millimeter-scale crystalline grains. We fabricated(More)
We report a two-step synthesis of highly luminescent CdS/ZnSe core/shell nanocrystals (emission quantum yields up to 50%) that can produce efficient spatial separation of electrons and holes between the core and the shell (type-II localization regime). Our synthesis involves fabrication of cubic-singony CdS core particles that are subsequently overcoated(More)
Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) is applied to model one-photon (OPA) and two-photon (TPA) absorption spectra in a series of conjugated cytotoxic dyes. Good agreement with available experimental data is found for calculated excitation energies and cross sections. Calculations show that both OPA and TPA spectra in the molecules studied are(More)
Cycloparaphenylenes, the simplest structural unit of armchair carbon nanotubes, have unique optoelectronic properties counterintuitive in the class of conjugated organic materials. Our time-dependent density functional theory study and excited state dynamics simulations of cycloparaphenylene chromophores provide a simple and conceptually appealing physical(More)
We investigate the role of conformational disorder and intermolecular interactions on the electronic structure of amorphous clusters of polyfluorenes. Classical molecular dynamics simulations are used to determine probable molecular geometries and chain packing, and first-principles density functional theory calculations are employed to determine electronic(More)
To design functional photoactive materials for a variety of technological applications, researchers need to understand their electronic properties in detail and have ways to control their photoinduced pathways. When excited by photons of light, organic conjugated materials (OCMs) show dynamics that are often characterized by large nonadiabatic (NA)(More)