S. Tonia Hsieh

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Geckos are exceptional in their ability to climb rapidly up smooth vertical surfaces. Microscopy has shown that a gecko's foot has nearly five hundred thousand keratinous hairs or setae. Each 30-130 microm long seta is only one-tenth the diameter of a human hair and contains hundreds of projections terminating in 0.2-0.5 microm spatula-shaped structures.(More)
Geckos with adhesive toe pads rapidly climb even smooth vertical surfaces. We challenged geckos (Hemidactylus garnotii) to climb up a smooth vertical track that contained a force platform. Geckos climbed vertically at up to 77 cm s(-1) with a stride frequency of 15 Hz using a trotting gait. During each step, whole body fore-aft, lateral and normal forces(More)
Much of what is known about tetrapod locomotion is based upon movement over solid surfaces. Yet in the wild, animals are forced to move over substrates with widely varying properties. Basilisk lizards are unique in their ability to run across water from the time they hatch to adulthood. Previous studies have developed mechanical models or presented(More)
We present a case of a 28-year-old woman with a cerebellopontine angle and prepontine cistern epidermoid cyst with unusual signal intensity. She presented with cranial nerve neuropathy and unsteady gait. MR imaging showed a tumor mass with central area of hemorrhage and a focal area of heterogeneous signal intensity with spotty enhancement, which correlated(More)
Water provides a unique challenge for legged locomotion because it readily yields to any applied force. Previous studies have shown that static stability during locomotion is possible only when the center of mass remains within a theoretical region of stability. Running across a highly yielding surface could move the center of mass beyond the edges of the(More)
A diversity of animals that run on solid, level, flat, non-slip surfaces appear to bounce on their legs; elastic elements in the limbs can store and return energy during each step. The mechanics and energetics of running in natural terrain, particularly on surfaces that can yield and flow under stress, is less understood. The zebra-tailed lizard(More)
A diversity of animals that run on solid, level, flat, non-slip surfaces appear to bounce on 8 their legs; elastic elements in the limbs can store and return energy during each step. The 9 mechanics and energetics of running in natural terrain, particularly on surfaces that can 10 yield and flow under stress, is less understood. The zebra-tailed lizard(More)
Tails are important for dynamic stabilization during falling and jumping in lizards. Yet, tail autotomy (the voluntary loss of an appendage) is commonly used for predator evasion. How tail autotomy affects locomotor performance and stability remains poorly understood. Here, we challenge an arboreal lizard to run along surfaces of different breadths with and(More)
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