S. Tokarzewski

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A total of 80 Russian tortoises brought in Poland were examined for presence of Salmonella. Salmonella was detected in 15 out of all the animals tested (18.75%). Of the total of 56 strains, 30 (53.57%) belonged to Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica (I) and 26 to Salmonella enterica subsp. salamae (II). The predominant serotype within subspecies I was S.(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the in vitro susceptibility of 85 Aspergillus fumigatus strains isolated from domestic geese and from their environment to amphotericin B, clotrimazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, enilconazole, miconazole, ketoconazole, and tioconazole. Samples were collected from clinically healthy birds (oral cavity) and from birds(More)
In the chicken, maternal antibodies are transferred into the egg and subsequently transported into the developing embryo. IgG (called IgY) is the primary immunoglobulin isotype of the egg yolk. Their level in serum depends on the correct function of immunological system in laying hens. Many factors have a direct or indirect influence on antibody level in(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of Aspergillus niger strains isolated from birds to available antifungal drugs using different in vitro assays--classical disk diffusion, Etest and broth microdilution NCCLS/CLSI M 38-A. The study material consisted of about 2.000 swabs and samples from different species of birds. A. niger (n=10) was(More)
Stressful conditions (transport, temperature fluctuations, infections and excessive crowding) lead to dysfunction of immunological mechanisms in birds. They influence the lipid balance what manifests itself through the increase of the malonodialdehyde (MDA) level, reacting with the 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA), what is an indicator of lipid peroxidation. In(More)
Received: Revised: Accepted: Published online: June 07, 2017 August 10, 2017 August 12, 2017 September 23, 2017 The gastrointestinal tract of poultry is inhabited by a diverse community of bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of early antimicrobial treatment on the fungal microflora of the(More)
Clinical observations and diagnostic procedures carried out to elucidate the cause of high mortality in 2-8-wk-old ornamental ducks (mandarin, wood, falcated, and silver teal ducks) are described. At necropsy, ducklings showed general pallor of skeletal and heart muscles, subcutaneous gelatinous transudates, pericarditis, ascites, and severe edema and(More)
It is shown analytically and experimentally that, within the scope of a surgery, the effects of variations in the position of the transplant-aorta contact point (relative to the renal artery natural location), in the transplant departure angle (relative to the aorta), in the transplant length and in the transplant curvature are relatively insignificant(More)
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