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We previously have shown that DNA demethylation by chicken embryo 5-methylcytosine DNA glycosylase (5-MCDG) needs both RNA and proteins. One of these proteins is a RNA helicase. Further peptides were sequenced, and three of them are identical to the mammalian G/T mismatch DNA glycosylase. A 3,233-bp cDNA coding for the chicken homologue of human G/T(More)
A 1468 bp cDNA coding for the chicken homolog of the human MBD4 G/T mismatch DNA glycosylase was isolated and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence (416 amino acids) shows 46% identity with the human MBD4 and the conserved catalytic region at the C-terminal end (170 amino acids) has 90% identity. The non-conserved region of the avian protein has no(More)
Changes in gene expression during mouse myoblast differentiation were monitored by DNA microarray hybridisation. Four days after the onset of differentiation 2.37% of the genes increased in activity from a value of zero, whereas during the same time 1.68% of total genes had decreased expression. During the first 24 h of differentiation an average of 700 000(More)
We have shown that the DNA demethylation complex isolated from chicken embryos has a G(.)T mismatch DNA glycosylase that also possesses 5-methylcytosine DNA glycosylase (5-MCDG) activity. Herein we show that human embryonic kidney cells stably transfected with 5-MCDG cDNA linked to a cytomegalovirus promoter overexpress 5-MCDG. A 15- to 20-fold(More)
Teneurins are large type II transmembrane proteins that are necessary for the normal development of the CNS. Although many studies highlight the significance of teneurins, especially during development, there is only limited information known about the molecular mechanisms of function. Previous studies have shown that the N-terminal intracellular domain(More)
Human mature sperm cells have a high nuclease and 5-methyldeoxycytidine monophosphate (5-mdCMP) deaminase activity. The deaminase converts the nuclease degradation product 5-mdCMP into dTMP which is further cleaved into thymine and the abasic sugar-phosphate. Both 5-methylcytidine 5' and 3' monophosphates are good substrates for the deaminase.(More)
We have shown previously that DNA demethylation by chick embryo 5-methylcytosine (5-MeC)-DNA glycosylase needs both protein and RNA. Amino acid sequences of nine peptides derived from a highly purified 5-MeC-DNA glycosylase complex were identified by Nanoelectrospray ionisation mass spectrometry to be identical to the mammalian nuclear DEAD box protein p68(More)
Recently published results (Nucleic Acids Res. 26, 5573-5580, 1998) suggest that the ribonuclease sensitivity of the DNA demethylation reaction may be an experimental artifact due to the possible tight binding of the nucleases to the methylated DNA substrate. Using an improved protocol we show for two different systems that demethylation of hemimethylated(More)
At a concentration of 5 x 10(-9) M of hemi-methylated DNA (one order of magnitude below the K(m)), MCF-7 (a human breast carcinoma cell line) nuclear extracts potentiate the activity of 5-methylcytosine DNA glycosylase (5-MCDG, alias G/T mismatch DNA glycosylase). Depending on the ratio between MCF-7 nuclear extracts and 5-MCDG, there is an up to 10-fold(More)