Learn More
Hypoxia activates genetic programs that facilitate cell survival; however, in cancer, it may promote invasion and metastasis. In this study, we show that breast cancer cells cultured in 1.0% O(2) demonstrate changes consistent with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Snail translocates to the nucleus, and E-cadherin is lost from plasma membranes.(More)
BACKGROUND Realistic models of pancreatic cancer are necessary to develop effective drugs for the disease. More aggressive tumor models enhanced by brighter fluorescent biomarkers to follow the disease in real time would enhance the ability to predict accurately the effect of novel therapeutics on this particularly malignant human cancer. MATERIALS AND(More)
In this study we demonstrate the ability of a novel, p.o.-administered cytosine analogue, CS-682, to effectively prolong survival and inhibit metastatic growth in an imageable orthotopic mouse model of pancreatic cancer. MIA-PaCa-2-RFP pancreatic cancer cells were transduced with the Discosoma red fluorescent protein (RFP) and orthotopically implanted onto(More)
Adjuvant treatment with the cytosine analogue 1-(2-C-cyano-2-deoxy-beta-D-arabino-pentofuranosyl)-N(4)-palmitoylcytosine (CS-682) results in a highly significant increase in survival in the aggressive orthotopic MIA-PaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer mouse model. Seven days after implantation, mice were randomized into eight groups, depending on whether they(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which myelin is progressively degraded. Because degraded myelin may both initiate and accelerate disease progression, clearing degraded myelin from extracellular spaces may be critical. In this study, we prepared myelin vesicles (MV) from rat brains as a model of degraded myelin. Murine embryonic(More)
In order to investigate the antitumor and antimetastatic efficacy of new chemotherapeutic agents, a novel, red-fluorescent, orthotopic model of pancreatic cancer was constructed in nude mice. MIA-PaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cells were transduced with red fluorescent protein (RFP) and initially grown subcutaneously. Fluorescent tumor fragments were then(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in malignant cells but not in normal cells. Ad/g-TRAIL, an adenoviral vector in which expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) and TRAIL is driven by a human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter, has shown promise as a targeted antitumor agent. METHODS(More)
Binding of activated α(2)-macroglobulin (α(2)M) to LDL receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) in Schwann cells activates ERK/MAP kinase and Akt and thereby promotes cell survival and migration. The goal of this study was to determine whether α(2)M binding to LRP1 regulates expression of cytokines and chemokines. To assess the LRP1 response selectively, we(More)
  • 1