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Researchers worldwide with information about the Kirsten ras (Ki-ras) tumour genotype and outcome of patients with colorectal cancer were invited to provide that data in a schematized format for inclusion in a collaborative database called RASCAL (The Kirsten ras in-colorectal-cancer collaborative group). Our results from 2721 such patients have been(More)
Mutation of DNA mismatch repair genes has rarely been documented in sporadic gastric carcinoma with microsatellite instability (MSI). In sporadic colorectal carcinoma, hMLH1 promoter methylation associated with protein loss is found in the majority of high-frequency MSI cases. We investigated a series of 35 sporadic gastric carcinomas stratified into(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a hypoxia-inducible angiogenic factor, which is known to be upregulated in most cases of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The expression of VEGF and its receptors in ependymomas, oligodendrogliomas, and particularly the expression during anaplastic progression of these three types of gliomas has not been studied(More)
AIM To examine the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland in Hong Kong Chinese. METHODS Ten cases of lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland (eight parotid and two submandibular) were examined. In situ hybridisation was used to localise EBER RNA, immunohistochemical methods to detect expression of(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) can induce clinical remission in patients suffering from acute promyelocytic leukemia, through induction of apoptosis and activation of caspases. We investigated the potential use of As(2)O(3) in human gastric cancer and its possible mechanisms. Human gastric cancer cell lines AGS and MKN-28 were treated with various(More)
Turcot's syndrome is characterized clinically by the occurrence of primary brain tumor and colorectal tumor and has in previous reports been shown to be associated with germline mutations in the genes APC, hMLH1, and hPMS2. Here we describe three patients with Turcot's syndrome, each having colorectal adenocarcinoma and malignant glioma. All the colorectal(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is strongly associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and lymphoepithelioma-like carcinomas (LELC) of foregut-derived organs. Recently this group of EBV-associated carcinomas has been expanded by the identification of the virus in conventional adenocarcinomas of the stomach. In situ hybridization (ISH) using a sensitive(More)
Cigarette smoking is associated with peptic ulcer diseases. Smokers have lower levels of salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) than nonsmokers. We investigated whether reduction of EGF is involved in the delay of gastric ulcer healing by cigarette smoking. Rats with acetic acid-induced ulcers were exposed to cigarette smoke (0, 2, or 4% vol/vol) 1 day(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) has been suggested to play a critical role in indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal damage, so we evaluated its mucosal level and its relationship with prostaglandin E2 and neutrophils in indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Indomethacin caused a time- and dose-dependent increase in gastric mucosal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The clinical pattern of stroke and the angiographic distribution of cerebral atherosclerosis in Chinese are different from those in Caucasians. Pathological data from autopsy studies are lacking. METHODS The intracranial and extracranial arteries supplying the brains of 114 consecutive Chinese patients undergoing autopsy in a(More)