Learn More
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Actinomycetes species isolated from marine environment. METHODS Twenty one strains of Actinomycetes were isolated from samples of Royapuram, Muttukadu, Mahabalipuram sea shores and Adyar estuary. Preliminary screening was done using cross-streak method against two gram-positive and eight gram-negative(More)
Betahistine is widely used in the symptomatic treatment of peripheral and central vestibular disorders. However, its remains unknown whether the drug can act directly on inner ear sensory organs. To this end, the effects of betahistine (10(-7)-10(-2) M) were examined on isolated preparations of frog semicircular canal mounted in a double-celled bath which(More)
The mechanisms underlying caloric nystagmus are still matter of debate. The original theory proposed by Barany and more recently by Pau and Limberg suggested that convective endolymphatic currents were involved. In contrast Gentine et al. suggested that the main mechanism responsible for caloric nystagmus is buoyancy due to calorization of the endolymph,(More)
It is well known that most episodes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), even in untreated, recover spontaneously in 2 to 6 weeks. In the present study, we put forward the hypothesis that this is mainly due to the fact that endolymph, owing to its low calcium content (20 microM) is able to dissolve otoconia. To support this, the fate of frog(More)
Betahistine is widely used in the treatment of peripheral and central vestibular disorders. Till now the anti-vertigo effect of the drug was though to be mainly due to an action of betahistine on inner ear or cerebral microcirculation or on some structures of the CNS, chiefly the vestibular nuclei. Vertigo, however is, in most cases, of peripheral origin(More)
Histamine-related drugs are commonly used in the treatment of vertigo and related vestibular disorders. Their site and mechanism of action, however, are still poorly understood. To increase our knowledge of the histaminergic system in the vestibular organs, we have investigated the expression of H1 and H3 histamine receptors in the frog and mouse(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that betahistine, an histamine-like substance used widely as an anti-vertigo drug, can decrease ampullar receptor resting discharge without affecting their mechanically evoked responses. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that this drug is transformed, mainly at the hepatic level, into aminoethylpyridine (M1),(More)
The physical mechanisms responsible for cupulolithiasis and canalolithiasis have been investigated by two groups of experiments in isolated posterior semicircular canal (SCC) of frog (Rana esculenta L.). First, clouds of 10-30 isolated otoconia were let to fall (snowfall of otoconia) either through the ampulla onto the cupula, or inside the long arm of the(More)
A microthermistor positioned close to the exposed posterior semicircular canal in isolated labyrinth preparations of the frog was used to stimulate the sensory organ. Our results indicated that, depending on the position of the heater, the induced endolymphatic convection currents may result in either excitatory or inhibitory cupular deflections and thus in(More)