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This article presents an automated, patient-specific method for the detection of epileptic seizure onset from noninvasive electroencephalography. We adopt a patient-specific approach to exploit the consistency of an individual patient's seizure and nonseizure electroencephalograms. Our method uses a wavelet decomposition to construct a feature vector that(More)
In the present study we investigated the effect of the compound chlorocresol on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Three different systems that have been shown to express the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ channel were chosen, i.e., skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, cerebellar microsomes, and PC12 cells. In skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum,(More)
Screening a cDNA library from human skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle with a cDNA probe derived from junctin led to the isolation of two groups of cDNA clones. The first group displayed a deduced amino acid sequence that is 84% identical to that of dog heart junctin, whereas the second group had a single open reading frame that encoded a polypeptide with a(More)
In the present report we studied the interaction between the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor and the ubiquitous S100A1 Ca2+ binding protein. S100A1 did not affect equilibrium [3H]ryanodine binding to purified rabbit skeletal muscle terminal cisternae at 100 microM free [Ca2+]. At nanomolar free [Ca2+], however, S100A1 activated by 40 +/- 6.7% (mean +/-(More)
The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1; OMIM 180901) on chromosome 19q13.1 encodes the skeletal muscle calcium release channel. To date, more than 25 missense mutations have been identified in RYR1 and are associated with central core disease (CCD; OMIM 117000) and/or the malignant hyperthermia susceptibility phenotype (MHS1; OMIM 145600). The(More)
The renal and hemodynamic effects of dopamine were measured during the immediate postoperative period in six infants following repair of congenital cardiac defects. Dopamine was infused at rates of 5, 10, and 15 micrograms/kg/min. Cardiac index (CI) increased significantly at a dopamine infusion rate of 15 micrograms/kg/min. The glomerular filtration rate(More)
In this paper we quantify the degree to which patient-specificity affects the detection latency, sensitivity, and specificity of a seizure detector using 536 hours of continuously recorded scalp EEG from 16 epilepsy patients. We demonstrate that a detector that knows of an individual's seizure and non-seizure EEG outperforms a detector limited to knowledge(More)
Mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene are a common cause of neuromuscular disease, ranging from various congenital myopathies to the malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility trait without associated weakness. We sequenced RYR1 in 39 unrelated families with rhabdomyolysis and/or exertional myalgia, frequent presentations in the(More)
In this study terminal cisternae vesicles from rabbit skeletal muscle were fused into planar bilayers and the effect of calmodulin on single Ca2+ release channel currents was investigated. In the presence of 10(-7) and 10(-9) M free [Ca2+], nanomolar concentrations of calmodulin activated the channel by increasing the open probability of single-channel(More)