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BACKGROUND In Parkinson disease, orthostatic hypotension can result from L-dopa treatment or from sympathetic neurocirculatory failure. The latter is detected by abnormal blood pressure responses to the Valsalva maneuver and can be associated with loss of functional cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of cardiac(More)
This study examined the mechanisms linking different biochemical and clinical phenotypes of pheochromocytoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome to underlying differences in the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine synthesis, and of phenylethanolamine(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with PD often have signs or symptoms of autonomic failure, including orthostatic hypotension. Cardiac sympathetic denervation occurs frequently in PD, but this has been thought to occur independently of autonomic failure. METHODS Forty-one patients with PD (18 with and 23 without orthostatic hypotension) and 16 age-matched healthy(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed left ventricular myocardial perfusion and sympathetic innervation and function in hypertrophied and nonhypertrophied myocardial regions of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND Patients with HCM often have clinical findings consistent with increased cardiac sympathetic outflow. Little is known about the(More)
Patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy have posttraumatic pain disproportionate to the injury and spreading beyond the distribution of any single peripheral nerve. We examined sympathetic neurocirculatory function and the role of sympathetic postganglionic nerve traffic in maintaining the pain in 30 patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Most had(More)
In PD, orthostatic hypotension reflects sympathetic noradrenergic denervation. The authors assessed sympathetic cholinergic innervation by the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART) in 12 patients who had sympathetic neurocirculatory failure, markedly decreased cardiac 6-[18F] fluorodopamine-derived radioactivity, and subnormal plasma(More)
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