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This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of acute sleep deprivation on cognitive functions. A total of 18 healthy right handed males were deprived of sleep for 24 hours. Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery and calculation & digit-span subtest of K-WAIS were administered before and after sleep deprivation in order to examine the changes of(More)
The osteological and morphological variations of the prominences in the bony palate of 160 Korean skulls were studied. The frequency of the occurrence of the posterior palatine crest, located on the posterior border of the greater palatine foramen, was 13.8%. Palatal ridges were observed commonly in the skulls; however, the smooth type, which has no palatal(More)
Migraineurs treated with topiramate often experience adverse effects, such as paresthesia, fatigue, memory difficulty, or taste perversion. To investigate correlations between side effects and drug efficacy, we analyzed for these in 133 migraineurs treated with topiramate (100 mg/day). A 4-week baseline screening phase preceded a 4-week titration period and(More)
This paper presents an electromyographic (EMG) pattern recognition method to identify motion commands for the control of a prosthetic arm by evidence accumulation based on artificial intelligence with multiple parameters. The integral absolute value, variance, autoregressive (AR) model coefficients, linear cepstrum coefficients, and adaptive cepstrum vector(More)
The relationship between primary and memory cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses, and the factors influencing entry into memory, are poorly understood. Here we address this in the context of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a persistent human herpesvirus in which memory CTL responses in long-term virus carriers are highly focused on epitopes preferentially drawn(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurovascular dysfunction and senescent endothelium contribute to the progression of Alzheimer disease (AD). Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs), such as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), provide a cellular reservoir for the endothelial replacement. To study the involvement of CACs in AD pathogenesis, we investigated the levels of CACs in(More)
OBJECTIVE Migraine carries an increased risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases that cannot be explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The circulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) number is a surrogate biologic marker of vascular function, and diminished EPC counts are associated with higher cardiovascular risk. We(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a B lymphotropic herpesvirus of humans that elicits strong HLA class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. An influence of such responses on virus evolution was first suggested by our finding that EBV isolates from the highly HLA A11-positive Papua New Guinea (PNG) population carried a lys-thr mutation at residue(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an Epstein-Barr virus-associated disease with high prevalence in Southern Chinese. Using multiparametric flow cytometry, we identified significant expansions of circulating naïve and memory CD4+CD25(high) T cells in 56 NPC patients compared with healthy age- and sex-matched controls. These were regulatory T cells (Treg), as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ginseng is one of the most popular herbs worldwide. Ginseng has various medical applications, and it seems to have significant effects as a cognition-enhancing drug. In this study, we examined the efficacy of Korean red ginseng (KRG) as an adjuvant therapy to conventional anti-dementia medications in patients with Alzheimer's disease.(More)