S T Harper

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of complete lesions of the noradrenaline locus coeruleus neurons upon wakefulness and paradoxical sleep. Radiofrequency lesions of the nucleus were performed in 8 chronically implanted cats which were continuously recorded with an EEG for 5 days prior to and 21 days following the lesions, when(More)
Wild-caught non-human primates are naturally sensitive to Ascaris antigen and provide a useful model for studying atopic asthma. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of experimentally infecting home-bred macaques with the nematode Ascaris suum and hence provide an alternative for the naturally occurring model. Following oral infection(More)
Large numbers of functional mast cells were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of Macaca arctoides monkeys that had been infected with the nematode Ascaris suum. These lavage cells, of which 21% were mast cells, released histamine, LTC4, and PGD2 in a concentration-dependent fashion when challenged with ascaris antigen or antibody to human IgE.(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is best known as a key regulator of the formation of new blood vessels. Neutralization of VEGF-A with anti-VEGF therapy e.g. bevacizumab, can be painful, and this is hypothesized to result from a loss of VEGF-A-mediated neuroprotection. The multiple vegf-a gene products consist of two alternatively spliced(More)
1. Previous studies have shown that ATP and UTP are able to stimulate phospholipase C (PLC) and proliferation in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. Here we set out to characterize the receptor responsible, and investigate a possible role for p42 and p44 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the proliferative response. 2. The phospholipase C response(More)
As described in the preceding companion paper, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of the primate Macaca arctoides infected with the nematode Ascaris suum yields a population of cells containing a high proportion of mast cells (21%). Nedocromil sodium, a new drug undergoing clinical evaluation for the treatment of reversible obstructive airways disease, inhibited(More)
It is possible to induce eosinophilia in congenitally athymic rats by infection with the parasite Ascaris suum. Athymic bronchial eosinophilia is associated with increased expression of IL-5 and eotaxin mRNA, and with the presence of residual T cells and mast cells. Anamnestic mastocytosis is particularly pronounced and in this study we examine the(More)
1. Cells were obtained from the lungs of Macaque monkeys by bronchoalveolar lavage in order to study the role of cellular interactions in the release of leukotriene C4 (LTC4). 2. In normal monkeys, macrophages were the most abundant cell type recovered, whereas in monkeys sensitized with Ascaris suum there was an increase in the numbers of eosinophils and(More)