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This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and(More)
A 42 kb region on human chromosome 9p21 encodes for three distinct tumor suppressors, p16INK4A, p14ARF and p15INK4B, and is altered in an estimated 30–40% of human tumors. The expression of the INK4A-ARF-INK4B gene cluster is silenced by polycomb during normal cell growth and is activated by oncogenic insults and during aging. How the polycomb is recruited(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective study was conducted. OBJECTIVE To compare the long-term outcomes of subtotal corpectomy and laminoplasty for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA No study has compared the long-term outcomes between subtotal corpectomy and laminoplasty for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. (More)
Male F-344 rats were exposed by inhalation to gaseous formaldehyde at 0.3, 2, and 15 ppm 6 h/day, 5 days/week for 28 months. Nasal tumors were macroscopically evident in the 15 ppm group from the 14th month and 8 of 32 rats bore such tumors at the 24th month. Histopathological examination revealed both squamous cell papillomas and carcinomas. No nasal(More)
1. An enzyme, “chondroitinase-ABC,” has been purified to apparent homogeneity from extracts of Proteus vulgaris, NCTC 4636, which was adapted on a medium containing chondroitin sulfate C. It has the following properties. (a) At pH 8, it degrades chondroitin sulfates A, B, and C at greater rates than chondroitin and hyaluronic acid. It does not attack(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Iba1 is a novel calcium-binding protein and is specifically expressed in microglia in the brain. It has been suggested that Iba1 plays an important role in regulation of the function of microglia. In the present study we examined time-dependent Iba1 expression after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and characterized(More)
Using the polymerase chain reaction, we have isolated numerous rat and human cDNAs of which the deduced amino acid sequences are highly homologous to the sequences of the extracellular domain of cadherins. The entire putative coding sequences for two human proteins defined by two of these cDNAs have been determined. The overall structure of these molecules(More)
The amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA of the human placental fibronectin receptor is reported. The receptor is composed of two subunits: an alpha subunit of 1,008 amino acids which is processed into two polypeptides disulfide bonded to one another, and a beta subunit of 778 amino acids. Each subunit has near its COOH terminus a hydrophobic segment. This(More)
Serum phenylalanine concentrations decreased in 4 patients with hyperphenylalaninemia after loading with tetrahydrobiopterin. There were no abnormalities in urinary pteridine excretion or in dihydropteridine reductase activity. However, mutations were detected in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene, suggesting a novel subtype of phenylalanine hydroxylase(More)
When old adults participate in a strength-training program with heavy loads, they experience an increase in muscle strength and an improvement in the steadiness of submaximal isometric contractions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of light- and heavy-load strength training on the ability of old adults to perform steady submaximal(More)