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Recent reports describe the ability of factors to modulate the position of the dose-response curve of receptor-agonist complexes, and the amount of partial agonist activity of receptor-antagonist complexes, of androgen, glucocorticoid (GRs), and progesterone receptors (PRs). We now ask whether this modulation extends to the two remaining steroid receptors:(More)
Steroid hormones, acting through their cognate receptor proteins, see widespread clinical applications due to their ability to alter the induction or repression of numerous genes. However, steroid usage is limited by the current inability to control off-target, or non-specific, side-effects. Recent results from three separate areas of research with(More)
Varying the concentration of selected factors alters the induction properties of steroid receptors by changing the position of the dose-response curve (or the value for half-maximal induction=EC(50)) and the amount of partial agonist activity of antisteroids. We now describe a rudimentary mathematical model that predicts a simple Michaelis-Menten curve for(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen signaling plays a critical role in a number of normal physiological processes and has important implications in the treatment of breast cancer. The p160 nuclear receptor coactivator, AIB1 (amplified in breast cancer 1), is frequently amplified and overexpressed in human breast cancer and has been shown to enhance estrogen-dependent(More)
The mechanisms that determine ligand-selective transcriptional responses by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) are not fully understood. Using a wide panel of GR ligands, we investigated the relationships between the potency and maximal response for transactivation via a glucocorticoid response element (GRE) and transrepression via both nuclear factor small(More)
Last year, the original Glucocorticoid Receptor Resource was expanded into a comprehensive project: the Nuclear Receptor Resource (NRR, http:// nrr.georgetown.edu/nrr/nrr.html ). The NRR has since been offering comprehensive information on nuclear receptor structure and function, as well as general facts of interest to the scientific community on meetings,(More)
Glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) affect both gene induction and gene repression. The disparities of receptor binding to DNA and increased vs. decreased gene expression have suggested significant mechanistic differences between GR-mediated induction and repression. Numerous transcription factors are known to modulate three parameters of gene induction: the(More)
A gene induction competition assay has recently uncovered new inhibitory activities of two transcriptional cofactors, NELF-A and NELF-B, in glucocorticoid-regulated transactivation. NELF-A and -B are also components of the NELF complex, which participates in RNA polymerase II pausing shortly after the initiation of gene transcription. We therefore asked if(More)
Cofactors are intimately involved in steroid-regulated gene expression. Two critical questions are (1) the steps at which cofactors exert their biological activities and (2) the nature of that activity. Here we show that a new mathematical theory of steroid hormone action can be used to deduce the kinetic properties and reaction sequence position for the(More)
We have expanded the original Glucocorticoid Receptor Resource (GRR) database to include several individual resources as part of a larger project called the Nuclear Receptor Resource (NRR). In addition to the GRR, the NRR currently features the Thyroid Hormone Receptor Resource, the Androgen Receptor Resource, the Mineralocorticoid Receptor Resource, the(More)