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Storage and periodic expulsion of urine by the bladder are controlled by central pathways and organized as simple on-off switching circuits. Several reports concerning aspects of micturition control have identified distinct regions in the brainstem, like the pontine micturition center (PMC) and the periaqueductal gray (PAG), as well as the cerebellum, basal(More)
In the last decade functional imaging has gained substantial importance for identifying cortical and subcortical brain regions being involved in the micturition circuit. However, possible gender differences are still a matter of debate. In the present study we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to determine micturition related brain regions(More)
BACKGROUND Temsirolimus (TEMSR) was approved for treating advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 2007. Based on the data from a single phase 3 trial, it is recommended explicitly as first-line therapy for patients with a poor clinical prognosis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this prospective multicentre trial (STARTOR) was to examine the effectiveness of TEMSR in(More)
Urinary incontinence is a major concern following radical prostatectomy. The etiology is multifactorial involving intrinsic sphincter deficiency and/or detrusor hyperactivity and/or decreased bladder compliance. Recent studies employing functional imaging methodology nicely demonstrated the reference regions of the micturition circuit. Based on these(More)
Spontaneous perirenal hematoma is a rare condition. The clinical features are acute flank or abdominal pain, haematuria, hypotension and shock. Bleeding is most commonly caused by renal tumours, especially angiomyolipomas. Other known causes are long-term haemodialysis, arteriosclerosis or arteritis. A total of 6 patients with spontaneous perirenal(More)
BACKGROUND Asymptomatic renal calculi without any history of colic, hematuria or infection can be found as an incidental finding during preven-tive check-ups. The aim of our study was to eval-uate whether these stones provoke symptoms with the need for further treatment during the follow-up and whether they cause cortical defects which may consecutively(More)
PURPOSE The optimal management of patients with clinical stage I non-seminomatous germ cell testicular cancer (NSGCT I) was considered controversial until the European Germ Cell Cancer Consensus Group determined unambiguous treatment strategies. In order to assess the long-term outcome we evaluated the data of patients with NSGCT I. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Leiomyomas are benign neoplasms arising from smooth muscle cells. We describe the case of a 17-year-old boy admitted with progressive severe obstructive voiding symptoms. Retrograde urethrography showed a bulbous urethral stricture which was resected with primary urethral anastomosis. Histopathological examination confirmed the very rare case of a leiomyoma(More)
In der operativen Therapie des bilateralen vesikoureterorenalen Refluxes (VUR) im Kindesalter ist die cross-trigonale Ureterozystoneostomie (UCN) nach Cohen eine populäre aber ebenso umstrittene Option. Wir präsentieren in einer retrospektiven Analyse eigene Erfahrungen mit dieser Methode. 41 Kinder (26 Mädchen/15 Jungen) mit bilateralem VUR [92 renale(More)
INTRODUCTION In bilateral VUR, Cohen cross-trigonal ureteric reimplantation is a popular but also controversial surgical approach. We present our own experience in a retrospective analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1990 and 2005, 41 children (26 girls, 15 boys) with bilateral reflux [92 renal units (RU)] underwent ureteric reimplantation. The mean age(More)
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