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We have analysed the mitotic behaviour of expanded CTG repeats in somatic tissues and cultured somatic cells from myotonic dystrophy (DM) fetuses using indirect and direct methods. Heterogeneity of expansions between fetal tissues was demonstrated in a 16 week old fetus whereas there was no evidence for such a somatic heterogeneity in a 13 week old fetus.(More)
We established the organization of the AKR Qa region and determined the sequence of the Q4 and Q5 genes. Restriction mapping and genomic Southern blot analysis revealed that the AKR strain codes for only three H-2K homologous genes in this region. The AKR Q5 gene is not homologous to the Q5 gene of the C57BL strain, but is presumably allelic to the Q5 gene(More)
Using methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes, we characterized the methylation pattern on the 5' side of the CTG repeat in the DMPK gene of normal individuals and of patients affected with myotonic dystrophy, showing expansions of the repetitive sequence. The gene segment analyzed corresponds to the genomic SacI-HindIII fragment carrying exons 11-15.(More)
A linkage analysis with 12 DNA markers from proximal 19q was performed in eight families with central core disease (CCO). Two-point analysis gave a peak lod score of Z = 4.95 at theta = 0.00 for the anonymous marker D19S190 and of Z = 2.53 at theta = 0.00 for the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) candidate gene. Multipoint linkage data place the CCO locus at(More)
Fragile X syndrome is associated with silencing of the FMR1 gene. We studied the transcriptional regulation, by analysis of the FMR1 promoter region for the presence of in vivo protein/DNA interactions and for cytosine methylation at the single-nucleotide level. Four protein-binding sites were present in the unmethylated promoter of the active FMR1 gene. In(More)
We report on a 19-week-old fetus with a 46,XX karyotype, normal female external genitalia, complete gonadal agenesis, large encephalocele, spina bifida, and omphalocele. We postulate a new syndrome. Hitherto no consistent malformation patterns have been observed in agonadism patients. True agonadism, including even the unusual finding of an XX gonosomal(More)
E2F4, a member of the E2F family of transcription factors, is abundant in non-proliferating and differentiated cells where it plays an important role in the suppression of proliferation-associated genes. The E2F4 gene spans 6 kb and has 10 exons. It contains a serine (CAG) repeat tract in exon 7, which is unstable in gastrointestinal tumors. To further(More)
We report on a reciprocal translocation t(X;16)(q28;p12) detected in a newborn girl with clinical manifestations of partial trisomy 16p. A balanced translocation was found in the mother and in the maternal grandmother. Replication studies on lymphocytes and fibroblasts showed nonrandom X-inactivation in both the patient and her mother. In the mother, the(More)
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