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We have analysed the mitotic behaviour of expanded CTG repeats in somatic tissues and cultured somatic cells from myotonic dystrophy (DM) fetuses using indirect and direct methods. Heterogeneity of expansions between fetal tissues was demonstrated in a 16 week old fetus whereas there was no evidence for such a somatic heterogeneity in a 13 week old fetus.(More)
Using methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes, we characterized the methylation pattern on the 5' side of the CTG repeat in the DMPK gene of normal individuals and of patients affected with myotonic dystrophy, showing expansions of the repetitive sequence. The gene segment analyzed corresponds to the genomic SacI-HindIII fragment carrying exons 11-15.(More)
Fragile X syndrome is associated with silencing of the FMR1 gene. We studied the transcriptional regulation, by analysis of the FMR1 promoter region for the presence of in vivo protein/DNA interactions and for cytosine methylation at the single-nucleotide level. Four protein-binding sites were present in the unmethylated promoter of the active FMR1 gene. In(More)
We report on a 19-week-old fetus with a 46,XX karyotype, normal female external genitalia, complete gonadal agenesis, large encephalocele, spina bifida, and omphalocele. We postulate a new syndrome. Hitherto no consistent malformation patterns have been observed in agonadism patients. True agonadism, including even the unusual finding of an XX gonosomal(More)
We report on a reciprocal translocation t(X;16)(q28;p12) detected in a newborn girl with clinical manifestations of partial trisomy 16p. A balanced translocation was found in the mother and in the maternal grandmother. Replication studies on lymphocytes and fibroblasts showed nonrandom X-inactivation in both the patient and her mother. In the mother, the(More)
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