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Ranitidine (1), the histamine H2-receptor antagonist, has been previously reported to increase gastric emptying and gastric motility by inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and enhancement of acetylcholine (ACh) release. In order to obtain potent gastroprokinetic agents, a new series of ranitidine derivatives (5-32) possessing a nitrogen atom instead… (More)
Recently, we reported that a ranitidine derivative 2 (fumarate: KW-5092), which had a 2-imidazolidinylidene propanedinitrile moiety (A), showed potent gastrointestinal motility enhancing activity. We have also found that introduction of substituents such as benzyl or 4-fluorobenzyl (i.e., giving 3 or 4) at the N-3 position of the moiety (A) significantly… (More)
A tetrahydropyran-based inhibitor (2) of mammalian ribonucleotide reductase (mRR) has been designed and synthesized based on the heptapeptide, N-AcFTLDADF (1), corresponding to the C-terminus of the R2 subunit of mRR. Inhibition studies revealed that 2 is indeed a competent inhibitor, albeit less potent than 1.
KW-7158 is a novel therapeutic candidate for treating overactive bladder (OAB) with a unique mode of action: suppression of sensory afferent nerves. However, the molecular target of this compound remains unknown. We herein report the identification of the KW-7158 target to be equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (ENT1). A membrane protein expression… (More)
In a previous paper, we reported that a novel ranitidine derivative 2 (fumarate: KW-5092), which had a 2-imidazolidinylidene propanedinitrile moiety (A), showed potent gastrointestinal motility enhancing activity. In order to obtain more potent gastrointestinal motility enhancing agents than compound 2 and to examine the effects of various substituents both… (More)
Novel diamine derivatives containing imidazolidinylidene propanedinitrile were synthesized and evaluated for histamine H(3) receptor-binding affinities. High-affinity ligands 3d, 3k, and 3n showed potent H(3) receptor antagonism and excellent selectivity over human H(1), H(2) and H(4) receptors.
Novel conformationally restricted diamine derivatives containing imidazolidinylidene propanedinitrile were synthesized and evaluated for human and rat histamine H(3) receptor (H(3)R) binding affinities. Among them, compounds 2b, 2c, 2j, 2k and 2m were found to be potent ligands for both H(3)Rs with K(i) values in the sub-nanomolar range, and showed potent… (More)