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As a result of many advantages such as the absence of radiation exposure, non-invasiveness, low cost, safety, and ready availability, transthoracic ultrasonography (TUS) represents an emerging and useful technique in the management of pleural and pulmonary diseases. In this second part of a comprehensive review that deals with the role of TUS in(More)
As a result of many advantages, such as absence of radiation exposure, non-invasiveness, low cost, safety, and ready availability, transthoracic ultrasonography (TUS) represents an emerging and useful technique in the management of pleural and pulmonary diseases. In this first part of a comprehensive review dealing with the role of TUS in pleuropulmonary(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an increasing interest in noninvasive tests for detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Unlike serological and urea breath tests, the possibility of searching for H. pylori in feces has been scarcely investigated. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to evaluate the usefulness of a new enzyme immunoassay for detecting(More)
The effects on gastric and duodenal mucosa induced by cisplatin plus etoposide (PE) chemotherapy were investigated in 32 patients with lung cancer. They were submitted to gastroduodenoscopy before receiving cisplatin 100 mg/m2 (day 1) plus etoposide at a mean dose of 107 mg/m2 (days 1, 3 and 5). Endoscopic examination was repeated on day 8. Before(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic infections such as those caused by Helicobacter pylori, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and cytomegalovirus have been epidemiologically related to coronary heart disease (CHD). Other studies place H. pylori in relation to other extradigestive diseases. We carried out an epidemiologic pilot study to evaluate the prevalence of H. pylori in patients(More)
PURPOSE Anticancer drugs may induce acute mucosal injury to stomach and duodenum. This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of omeprazole or ranitidine in preventing such an injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred twenty-eight cancer patients with normal stomach and duodenum or with less than three erosions, who were selected to be treated with(More)
AIM to compare the feasibility and patients' tolerance of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) using a thin endoscope with those of conventional oral EGD and to determine the optimal route of introduction of small-caliber endoscopes. METHODS One hundred and sixty outpatients referred for diagnostic EGD were randomly allocated to 3 groups: conventional (C)-EGD(More)
Nowadays, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is frequently diagnosed at an early stage, opening good perspectives to radical treatment by means of liver transplantation, surgical resection, or percutaneous ablation. Liver transplantation is considered the best option, but the lack of liver donors represents a major limitation. Therefore, surgical resection,(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of Helicobacter pylori antigen in faeces is a valid method to diagnose H. pylori infection. Presently available stool tests are performed in the laboratory, and diagnostic report is delayed. AIM To evaluate a new rapid stool test in a pre-treatment setting and to compare it with a validated laboratory stool test. METHODS A total of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of sonographically guided small-bore chest catheters and sonographically based monitoring of fluid evacuation in rapid sclerotherapy of malignant pleural effusions. METHODS In 50 patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusions, a 9F catheter was inserted into the pleural space under sonographic guidance. When sonography(More)