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A key design constraint of circuits used in hand-held devices is the power consumption, mainly due to battery-life limitations. Adaptive power management (APM) techniques aim at increasing the battery life of such devices by adjusting the supply voltage and operating frequency, and thus the power consumption, according to the workload. Testing for resistive(More)
This paper analyzes the behavior of resistive bridging faults under process variation and shows that process variation has a detrimental impact on test quality in the form of test escapes. To quantify this impact, a novel metric called test robustness is proposed and to mitigate test escapes, a new process variation-aware test generation method is(More)
—Three-dimensional Integrated Circuits (3D-ICs) vertically stack multiple silicon dies to reduce overall wire length, power consumption, and allow integration of heterogeneous technologies. Through-silicon-vias (TSVs) which act as vertical links between layers pose challenges for 3D integration design. TSV defects can happen in fabrication process and(More)
—Power switches are used as part of power-gating technique to reduce leakage power of a design. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study that analyzes recently proposed DFT solutions for testing power switches through SPICE simulations on a number of ISCAS benchmarks and presents the following contributions. It provides evidence of long(More)
Recent research has shown that tests generated without taking process variation into account may lead to loss of test quality. At present, there is no efficient device-level modeling technique that models the effect of process variation on resistive bridge defects. This paper presents a fast and accurate technique to achieve this, including modeling the(More)
Multiple voltage is an effective dynamic power reduction design technique commonly used in low-power ICs. To the best of our knowledge, there is no reported work for diagnosing multiple-voltage enabled ICs, and the aim of this paper is to propose a method for diagnosing bridge defects in such ICs. By using synthesized ISCAS benchmarks, with realistic(More)
—In this paper we show that power gating techniques become more effective during their lifetime, since the aging of sleep transistors (STs) due to negative bias temperature instability (NBTI) drastically reduces leakage power. Based on this property, we propose an NBTI and leakage aware ST design method for reliable and energy efficient power gating.(More)
—This paper shows that existing delay-based testing techniques for power gating exhibit fault coverage loss due to unconsidered delays introduced by the structure of the virtual voltage power-distribution-network (VPDN). To restore this loss, which could reach up to 70.3% on stuck-open faults, we propose a design-for-testability (DFT) logic that considers(More)
State retention power gating and voltage-scaled state retention are two effective design techniques, commonly employed in embedded processors, for reducing idle circuit leakage power. This paper presents a methodology for improving the reliability of embedded processors in the presence of power supply noise and soft errors. A key feature of the method is(More)