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Cardiac fibroblasts contribute to multiple aspects of myocardial function and pathophysiology. The pathogenetic relevance of cytokine production by these cells under hypoxia, however, remains unexplored. With the use of an in vitro cell culture model, this study evaluated cytokine production by hypoxic cardiac fibroblasts and examined two distinct effects(More)
Cardiac fibroblast hyperplasia associated with augmented matrix production is central to wound healing following myocardial injury. Regulation of the cardiac fibroblast cell cycle by factors in the diseased myocardium that can potentially modify the hyperplastic response of cardiac fibroblasts has, however, not been investigated. We examined the regulation(More)
Mechanisms underlying cardiac fibrogenesis in magnesium deficiency are unclear. It was reported earlier from this laboratory that serum from magnesium-deficient rats has a more pronounced stimulatory effect on cell proliferation, net collagen production, and superoxide generation in adult rat cardiac fibroblasts than serum from rats on the control diet. The(More)
Substance P, a pro-inflammatory neuropeptide, is released from cardiac peptidergic nerves under conditions like ischemia but whether it modulates inflammatory processes in the heart remains unexplored. This study demonstrates for the first time that substance P augments the production of the soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, sICAM-1, by(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 plays a key role in mediating inflammatory and immune responses. There is also increasing appreciation of the role of its soluble form, sICAM-1, in regulating inflammation. This study evaluated the effects of hypoxia and N-acetyl-L-cysteine on sICAM-1 production by adult rat cardiac fibroblasts. By ELISA, hypoxia was found(More)
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