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The brain is a steroidogenic organ that expresses steroidogenic enzymes and produces neurosteroids. Although considerable information is now available regarding the steroidogenic capacity of the brain, little is known regarding the steroidogenic pathway and relative contributions of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and neurons to neurosteroidogenesis. In the(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is abundantly found in brain tissues of several species, including human. However, the cellular origin and pathway by which DHEA is synthesized in brain are not yet known. We have, therefore, initiated pilot experiments to explore gene expression of cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase (P450c17), the key steroidogenic enzyme for(More)
Aging in humans is accompanied by a progressive decline in the secretion of the adrenal androgens dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA sulfate (DS), paralleling that of the GH-insulin-like growth factor-I (GH-IGF-I) axis. Although the functional relationship of the decline of the GH-IGF-I system and catabolism is recognized, the biological role of DHEA in(More)
The functional dependency of the dominant follicle on pulsatile gonadotropin inputs was evaluated by using a GnRH antagonist as a probe. Hormonal dynamics, particularly the relationship of FSH, estradiol, and inhibin, during and after the withdrawal of GnRH receptor blockade achieved by treatment with Nal-Glu GnRH antagonist (50 micrograms/kg, im) for 3(More)
The basic tenet of this investigation was that obesity is not a prerequisite in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as indicated by the fact that 50% of PCOS women are not obese. Further, obesity itself is a disease entity with the common manifestation of insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia with PCOS. Given recent evidence that insulin and(More)
Placental GnRH is one of the potential paracrine regulators of hCG secretion from the trophoblasts during pregnancy. Maternal serum hCG levels exhibit an exponential rise during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy, peak at 9-10 weeks, decline to a nadir at 20 weeks, and remain at low levels during the rest of pregnancy. However, the placental content of GnRH(More)
Growing evidence suggests that menstrual disturbances in female athletes are related to the metabolic cost of high levels of energy expenditure without compensatory increases in dietary intake. However, the linkage(s) between nutritional deficits and reproductive impairments as a result of slowing of LH pulsatility has not been defined. This study was(More)