Learn More
The release of exogenous taurine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was studied with slices from the developing mouse cerebral cortex. The spontaneous efflux of GABA increased with the cerebral GABA content during postnatal development, while the spontaneous efflux of taurine was approximately the same in both neonate and adult mice, in spite of a(More)
Taurine has been shown to be essential for neuronal development and survival in the central nervous system. The release of preloaded [3H]taurine was studied in hippocampal slices from seven-day-, three-month- and 18-22-month-old mice in cell-damaging conditions. The slices were superfused in hypoxic, hypoglycemic and ischemic conditions and exposed to free(More)
The tripeptide glutathione (GSH) has been thoroughly investigated in relation to its role as antioxidant and free radical scavenger. In recent years, novel actions of GSH in the nervous system have also been described, suggesting that GSH may serve additionally both as a neuromodulator and as a neurotransmitter. In the present article, we describe our(More)
The inhibitory amino acid taurine has been held to function as a modulator and osmoregulator in the brain, being of particular importance in the immature brain. The release of preloaded [3H]taurine was now studied in hippocampal slices from developing (7-day-old), adult (3-month-old) and ageing (6-24-month-old) mice focussing on the effects of agonists of(More)
In brain slices the mechanisms of release of GABA have been extensively studied, but those of taurine markedly less. The knowledge acquired from studies on GABA is, nevertheless, still fragmentary, not to speak of that obtained from the few studies on taurine, and firm conclusions are difficult, even impossible, to draw. This is mainly due to methodological(More)
The releases of endogenous glutamate, aspartate, GABA and taurine from hippocampal slices from 7-day-, 3-, 12-, and 18-month-old mice were investigated under cell-damaging conditions using a superfusion system. The slices were superfused under hypoxic conditions in the presence and absence of glucose and exposed to hydrogen peroxide. In the adult(More)
Taurine release in the hippocampus is markedly potentiated in various cell-damaging conditions, including ischemia and excitotoxic damage produced by glutamate. The increase in the levels of taurine may provide an important protective mechanism against excitotoxicity. The mechanisms of the enhanced release were now studied in mouse hippocampal slices using(More)
Taurine release in the developing hippocampus is markedly potentiated in ischemia. The mechanisms of the ischemia-induced release were studied in hippocampal slices from seven-day-old mice using a superfusion system. The basal release of [3H]taurine was significantly increased in media under normal conditions, but the ischemia-evoked release decreased in(More)
Rats were treated with a hepatotoxin thioacetamide (TAA) and examined 21 days later, when they showed moderate fatty metamorphosis of the liver and morphological changes in brain indicative of excitotoxic neuronal damage, but no evident biochemical or neurophysiological symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)