S. S. Murali

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BACKGROUND Antagonists of N-type voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC), Ca(v)2.2, can manage severe chronic pain with intrathecal use and may be effective systemically. A series of novel ω-conotoxins that selectively inhibit N-type VGCCs was isolated from Conus catus. In the present study, the potency and reversibility of ω-conotoxins CVID, CVIE and CVIF to(More)
Changes in ion channel function and expression are characteristic of neuropathic pain. Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) are integral for neurotransmission and membrane excitability, but relatively little is known about changes in their expression after nerve injury. In this study, we investigate whether peripheral nerve ligation is followed by changes(More)
The opioid-related receptor, ORL1, is activated by the neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and inhibits high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium channel currents (I(Ca)) via a G-protein-coupled mechanism. Endocytosis of ORL1 receptor during prolonged N/OFQ exposure was proposed to cause N-type voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) internalization via(More)
α-Conotoxins are competitive antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Their high selectivity and affinity for the various subtypes of nAChRs have led to significant advances in our understanding of the structure and function of these key ion channels. Here we report the discovery of a novel 4/7 α-conotoxin, MrIC from the venom duct of(More)
Voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels are essential for the transmission of pain signals in humans making them prime targets for the development of new analgesics. Spider venoms are a rich source of peptide modulators useful to study ion channel structure and function. Here we describe β/δ-TRTX-Pre1a, a 35-residue tarantula peptide that selectively interacts(More)
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