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There is increasing evidence that tumors are heterogeneous and that a subset of cells act as cancer stem cells. Several proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressors control key aspects of stem cell function, suggesting that similar mechanisms control normal and cancer stem cell properties. We show here that the prototypical tumor suppressor p53, which plays an(More)
Glioblastomas are the most common and malignant astrocytic brain tumors in human adults. The tumor suppressor gene TP53 is commonly mutated and/or lost in astrocytic brain tumors and the TP53 alterations are often found in combination with excessive growth factor signaling via PDGF/PDGFRalpha. Here, we have generated transgenic mice over-expressing human(More)
Malignant glioma is the most common brain tumor in adults and is associated with a very poor prognosis. Mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are frequently detected in gliomas. p53 is well-known for its ability to induce cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, senescence, or differentiation following cellular stress. That the guardian of the genome also(More)
The family of platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) plays a number of critical roles in normal embryonic development, cellular differentiation, and response to tissue damage. Not surprisingly, as it is a multi-faceted regulatory system, numerous pathological conditions are associated with aberrant activity of the PDGFs and their receptors. As we and(More)
Faithful replication and DNA repair are vital for maintenance of genome integrity. RAD51 is a central protein in homologous recombination repair and during replication, when it protects and restarts stalled replication forks. Aberrant RAD51 expression occurs in glioma, and high expression has been shown to correlate with prolonged survival. Furthermore,(More)
We studied the effect of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, on two models of gastric ulcers; oxyphenbutazone and ethanol-induced lesions. There was a significant protective effect against oxyphenbutazone-induced ulcers, which was prevented by prior administration of indomethacin. Captopril, however, failed to protect against(More)
Effect of zinc sulphate was studied on histamine-induced contractions on guinea-pig ileum. In doses of 1.72 X 10(-7)M or less no effects were observed. Zinc sulphate in doses of 3.44 X 10(-7)M, 6.88 X 10(-7)M and 1.72 X 10(-6)M produced dual effect. Short exposure of tissue for 10 min to zinc sulphate resulted in significant dose dependent potentiation of(More)
Methyldopa (200 and 400 micrograms/ml) induced an increase in the responsiveness of guinea-pig ileum to ACh after incubation for 1 hr 15 min. However, no such effect was observed in the case of frog rectus abdominis muscle. It is suggested that methyldopa influences receptor mechanisms associated with cholinergic muscarinic but not nicotinic receptors.
Glioblastoma is the most common, and malignant form of brain tumor. It is characterized by a rapid growth and diffuse spread to surrounding brain tissue. The cell of origin is still not known, but experimental data suggest an origin from a glial precursor or neural stem cell. Analysis of human glioma tissue has revealed many genetic aberrations, among which(More)