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Music, engineering, mathematics, and many other disciplines have established notations for writing their documents. The effectiveness of each of these notations can be hampered by the circumstances in which it is being used, or by a user's disability or cultural background. Adjusting the notation can help, but the requirements of different cases often(More)
There are 123 academic health centers in the United States, and they are markedly diverse in organization and function. Some have large research programs, others emphasize the education of nurses and allied health professionals, but all have one characteristic in common--namely, the dominant role of the medical school-teaching hospital combination. Their(More)
Foreword When the National Campaign first set up shop in the mid-1990s, a serious commitment was made to basing the entire enterprise on science and research. We strongly believed then, and still do, that when an organizations deals with a complicated and controversial issue such as teen pregnancy , a solid grounding in the facts significantly strengthens(More)
One of the signature public health achievements in the United States in recent years has been the decline in both the teen pregnancy and the teen birth rates. Between 1990 and 2004, the teen pregnancy rate declined 38% [1]; in a similar trend, the teen birth rate declined 31% between 1991 and 2006 [2]. This change was remarkably widespread; significant(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). PARTICIPANTS A non-DHHS, nonadvocate 15-member panel representing the fields of obstetrics and gynecology, urogynecology, maternal and fetal medicine, pediatrics, midwifery, clinical(More)
Preschool screening Child health surveillance is part of a broad set of activities, the objective of which is to reduce childhood disability by identifying and managing a multiplicity of conditions at an early stage. 1 This includes several screening programmes which are focused on the detection of specific disorders. The value of surveillance and(More)