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Regional distribution of cerebral blood flow was assessed in a group of 13 normal social drinkers under baseline conditions and after acute alcohol intoxication. Blood flow measurements were done using 15O-labeled water and positron emission tomography (PET). Each subject underwent two control sessions under baseline conditions and two sessions after(More)
Occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents has been associated with cocaine abuse. We investigated the relative distribution of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in groups of chronic cocaine users, and of normal controls. Relative CBF was measured using positron emission tomography and 15 oxygen-labelled water. The cocaine users showed areas of deranged CBF as(More)
The cause of the osmotic demyelination syndrome that follows too rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia (CHN) is unknown. Recently, we reported in CHN rats an association between blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption occurring as early as 3 h into correction and subsequent demyelination. Given the changes in brain water and blood volume which occur during(More)
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia can cause osmotic brain demyelination in animals and humans. Why demyelination develops is unknown, but blood brain-barrier disruption might expose oligodendrocytes to substances normally excluded from the brain. To test this hypothesis, chronic hyponatremia was induced and corrected using a new, reproducible rat(More)
Measurement of oxygen-15- (15O) water uptake with positron emission tomography (PET) is a sensitive technique to monitor regional brain activation secondary to stimulation paradigms. In order to investigate data acquisition times that show maximal changes in regional activation and to assess the optimal time for stimulus presentation, we investigated 10(More)
Additional evidence for the rare kaon decay K+-->pi+nu(nu) has been found in a new data set with comparable sensitivity to the previously reported result. One new event was observed in the pion momentum region examined, 211<P<229 MeV/c, bringing the total for the combined data set to two. Including all data taken, the backgrounds were estimated to(More)
Transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions in the range 1<p(T)<10 GeV/c have been measured at midrapidity by the PHENIX experiment at BNL RHIC in Au+Au collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. The pi(0) multiplicity in central reactions is significantly below the yields measured at the same sqrt[s(NN)] in peripheral Au+Au and p+p reactions scaled by the number(More)
Buffering capacity of most tissues is composed of both rapid and slow phases, the latter presumably due to active acid extrusion. To examine the time course of brain buffering the brain pH of Sprague-Dawley rats was measured using 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance. The effect on brain pH of 30- or 58-min exposures to 20% CO2 followed by 30- or 38-min recovery(More)
  • W f chang, J n ng, C S Chang, M H Hsu, W S Hu, J J Lin +18 others
  • 2006
Charged lepton electric dipole moments from TeV scale right-handed neutrinos " arXiv:hep-ph/0411201. W.~F.~Chang and J.~N.~Ng, " Phenomenology of a 5D orbifold SU(3)W unification model " Phys. on Pb Quantum Islands " Jpn.
Transverse single-spin asymmetries to probe the transverse-spin structure of the proton have been measured for neutral pions and nonidentified charged hadrons from polarized proton-proton collisions at midrapidity and square root(s) = 200 GeV. The data cover a transverse momentum (pT) range 1.0-5.0 GeV/c for neutral pions and 0.5-5.0 GeV/c for charged(More)