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BACKGROUND Overexpression of glutathione S-transferase (GST; EC 2.5. 1.18) has been documented in the erythrocytes of patients with chronic renal failure, and this event may well be of relevance from a clinical standpoint. In fact, it could serve as a marker of uremic toxicity overall, which can contribute to impair the function and survival of the(More)
H2O2 treatment on U937 cells leads to the block of glycolytic flux and the inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase by a posttranslational modification (possibly ADP-ribosylation). Glycolysis spontaneously reactivates after 2 h of recovery from oxidative stress; thereafter cells begin to undergo apoptosis. The specific ADP-ribosylation(More)
Ifosfamide and cisplatin cause urinary loss of carnitine, which is a fundamental molecule for energy production in mammalian cells. We investigated whether restoration of the carnitine pool might improve chemotherapy-induced fatigue in non-anaemic cancer patients. Consecutive patients with low plasma carnitine levels who experienced fatigue during(More)
The effects of nitric oxide (NO) or related molecules on the binding of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) to the red blood cell (RBC) membrane were investigated. It was demonstrated that submillimolar concentrations of the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) not only strongly inactivated GAPDH by S-nitrosylation of the enzyme thiols but also(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was designed to test the biocompatibility of a new vitamin E-modified multi-layer membrane (CL-E filter), as well as its ability to protect against oxygen free radicals during hemodialysis (HD). METHODS We investigated, both in vitro and in vivo, the bioreactivity of the filter with respect to the blood antioxidants and its(More)
A comparison of the oxyradical exposure during hemodialysis (HD) carried out with vitamin-E-modified cellulose (CL-E) or conventional membranes, studying red blood cell (RBC) and plasma lipoperoxidation and RBC glutathione metabolism, was done. In this preliminary characterization of a new and original approach to the prevention of free radical damage in(More)
OBJECTIVE Using the erythrocyte as a model for other kinds of cells not directly exposed to peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions, we investigated the tolerance of the cell metabolism to lactate and bicarbonate buffers. DESIGN We studied, in vivo (in two groups of 5 PD patients each) and in vitro, the Embden-Meyerhof pathway (EMP) because it represents a(More)
The response of human red blood cells (RBC) to oxidative stress has been studied with the aim to evaluate any difference in the behavior of cells from young and old subjects. Thus, RBC from 5 young (27 +/- 2 years) and 5 old (80 +/- 5 years) individuals have been treated with the organic peroxide t-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP). The two groups behaved(More)
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