S Rosenkranz

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The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) play a pivotal role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Recent studies indicate that angiotensin II (Ang II) and TGF-beta1 do not act independently from one another but rather act as part of a signalling network in order to promote cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by NAD(P)H oxidases (Nox) play a significant role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. Expression and activity of NAD(P)H oxidases are regulated by growth factors such as angiotensin II and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). We characterized the effects of the novel Nox inhibitor VAS2870 on(More)
OBJECTIVE TGF-beta stimulation of cardiac myocytes induces a hypertrophic responsiveness to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation. This study investigates whether this beta-adrenoceptor mediated effect depends on induction of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). METHODS Isolated adult ventricular cardiomyocytes from rats were used as an experimental model. Cells were(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) acts as a potent mitogen, chemoattractant and survival factor for mesenchymal cells. In addition to its importance in mammalian development, PDGF plays a critical role in physiological repair mechanisms and in the pathogenesis of various proliferative diseases. The biological effects of PDGF are initiated via two(More)
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The objective of this prospective study was to assess safety and efficacy of exercise training in a large cohort of patients with different forms and World Health Organization (WHO) functional classes of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH). 183 patients with PH (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chronic thromboembolic PH and PH due to respiratory or(More)
BACKGROUND The AT1 receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Estrogen deficiency is also associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we examined the AT1 receptor gene expression in ovariectomized rats with and without estrogen replacement therapy and the influence of estrogen on AT1 receptor expression in(More)
Activation of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) alpha receptor (alphaPDGFR) leads to cell migration and DNA synthesis. These events are preceded by the ligand-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor and its association with SH2-containing signaling enzymes including Src family members (Src), the phosphotyrosine phosphatase SHP-2,(More)
BACKGROUND For almost 30 years, anticoagulation has been recommended for patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Supporting evidence, however, is limited, and it is unclear whether this recommendation is still justified in the modern management era and whether it should be extended to patients with other forms of pulmonary arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied the signal transduction of atrial structural remodeling that contributes to the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Fibrosis is a hallmark of arrhythmogenic structural remodeling, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. METHODS We performed transcriptional profiling of left atrial(More)