S Romandini

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Various drugs acting on brain serotonin or catecholamines were administered concurrently with morphine during the development of dependence or before naloxone-precipitated withdrawal syndrome. Of the various drugs only cyproheptadine, a serotonin antagonist, and piribedil, a dopamine agonist, reduced the frequency of jumping (but not of diarrhea or ptosis)(More)
The regional brain metabolism of serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) was studied in rats injected with morphine either systemically or in the nuclei raphe medianus (MR) or dorsalis (DR). A subcutaneous injection of 10 mg/kg morphine significantly raised the levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the diencephalon, striatum, nucleus accumbens and(More)
(+)-Fenfluramine, a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) releaser and uptake blocker, m-chlorophenylpiperazine (CPP), a 5-HT receptor agonist, and clonidine, an agonist at adrenoceptors, were studied for their ability to modify jumping and wet dog shakes in morphine abstinent rats. (+)-Fenfluramine and CPP blocked jumping with no effect on wet dog shakes whereas the(More)
A withdrawal syndrome was precipitated by naloxone in morphine-dependent rats injected with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) in the ventromedial tegmentum (VMT) at the level of the nucleus interpeduncularis. 5,7-DHT, which markedly depleted 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the forebrain but not in the brainstem, significantly reduced jumping in abstinent rats(More)
The possibility that serotoninergic mechanisms control the reinforcing properties of d-amphetamine and morphine was investigated in rats, using zimelidine, a potent and selective serotonin uptake blocker and the conditioned place preference test design. Zimelidine dihydrochloride 20 mg/kg did not cause place aversion and did not modify the place preference(More)
The involvement of brain monoamines in the mechanism of action of nefopam, a new analgesic, was investigated in rats. The study was designed to evaluate the effect of various means of impairing monoaminergic transmission on nefopam analgesia as measured with the hot plate method. Pretreatment with reserpine (2 mg/kg) significantly reduced the(More)
The effect of different manipulations of the nucleus medianus raphe (MR) on morphine analgesia was investigated in rats using the tail-immersion test. Electrolytic lesions of this structure antagonized morphine analgesia, while injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (to destroy serotonergic neurons) or ibotenic acid (to destroy cell bodies) in the medianus(More)
The effect of selective destruction of serotonin (5-HT)-containing neurons with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) on [3H] muscimol and (-)-[3H]baclofen binding was investigated in various rat brain regions. Ten days after intracerebroventricular 5,7-DHT, serotonin levels and [3H]imipramine binding were markedly decreased. 5,7-DHT reduced [3H]muscimol(More)
The analgesic effect of morphine in the tail immersion test was studied in rats three and ten days after intracerebroventricular 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) given to selectively destroy serotonergic neurons. Morphine analgesia was reduced three but not ten days after the neurotoxin. Ten days after 5,7-DHT, the inhibiting effect of metergoline, a(More)