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The temporal coherence properties of soft x-ray free electron laser pulses at FLASH are measured at 23.9 nm by interfering two time-delayed partial beams directly on a CCD camera. The partial beams are obtained by wave front beam splitting in an autocorrelator operating at photon energies from h nu = 30 to 200 eV. At zero delay a visibility of (0.63+/-(More)
In the sub-130nm technology regime, Design for Manufacturing (DFM) has become critically important in driving rapid market introduction of new products while achieving acceptable yield levels. As the industry aggressively scales beyond the 90nm technology generation, fabrication tools and processes are pushed to their manufacturing limits, resulting in a(More)
We use a Mach-Zehnder type autocorrelator to split and delay XUV pulses from the FLASH soft X-ray laser for triggering and subsequently probing the explosion of aerosolised sugar balls. FLASH was running at 182 eV photon energy with pulses of 70 fs duration. The delay between the pump-probe pulses was varied between zero and 5 ps, and the pulses were(More)
We report on the dynamics of ultrafast heating in cryogenic hydrogen initiated by a ≲300  fs, 92 eV free electron laser x-ray burst. The rise of the x-ray scattering amplitude from a second x-ray pulse probes the transition from dense cryogenic molecular hydrogen to a nearly uncorrelated plasmalike structure, indicating an electron-ion equilibration time of(More)
A tunable two-color multilayer Bragg coating capable of simultaneously reflecting the fundamental and the third harmonic of an x-ray free-electron laser at the same angle and with high reflectance R>0.70 is presented. The novel coating will enable two-color x-ray pump/x-ray probe experiments. This mirror consists of a Si substrate that is coated with two(More)
We studied the nanoplasma formation and explosion dynamics of single large xenon clusters in ultrashort, intense x-ray free-electron laser pulses via ion spectroscopy. The simultaneous measurement of single-shot diffraction images enabled a single-cluster analysis that is free from any averaging over the cluster size and laser intensity distributions. The(More)
We investigate subpicosecond dynamics of warm dense hydrogen at the XUV free-electron laser facility (FLASH) at DESY (Hamburg). Ultrafast impulsive electron heating is initiated by a ≤ 300-fs short x-ray burst of 92-eV photon energy. A second pulse probes the sample via x-ray scattering at jitter-free variable time delay. We show that the initial molecular(More)
This article reviews recent developments in research on coherence properties of femtosecond XUV and x-ray lasers. Coherence is one of the most conspicuous features of laser sources. It describes how an electromagnetic wave field is correlated at different times and at different points in space. Coherence is a property that enables stationary interferences(More)
Intermolecular reactions in and on icy films on silicate and carbonaceous grains constitute a major route for the formation of new molecular constituents in interstellar molecular clouds. In more diffuse regions and in protoplanetary discs, energetic radiation can trigger reaction routes far from thermal equilibrium. As an analog of interstellar ice-covered(More)
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