S. Rietveld

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This study tested various sources of changes in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Twenty-two healthy participants participated in three experimental conditions (mental stress, relaxation, and mild physical exercise) that each consisted of three breathing parts (normal breathing, breathing compressed room air, and breathing compressed 5% CO2-enriched air).(More)
The discordance between the objective and subjective symptoms of asthma has major effects on proper medication and management. In 2 studies the influence of respiratory sounds in the process of symptom perception underlying breathlessness was investigated in children aged 7-17 years. In Experiment 1, asthmatic wheezing sounds were recorded in 16 children(More)
BACKGROUND Children with asthma are vulnerable to negative emotions, but clinical observations and research suggest that negative emotions can also be precipitants of asthma attacks. Empirical data provided mixed results. The hypothesis was tested that negative emotions influence subjective rather than objective symptoms of asthma, breathlessness and(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated increased physiological-emotional responses despite relatively low self-reported affect for individuals with a repressive coping style, as compared to control groups. The main question in the current study was whether such group differences could also be demonstrated by using the picture perception methodology of Lang. A(More)
OBJECTIVE This study tested whether functional somatic symptoms are associated with exaggerated increases in self-reported anxiety and somatic complaints in response to stress and CO(2)-enriched air breathing, and whether this association exists in parallel to or in the absence of exaggerated physiological responses. METHODS Out of 499 young somatically(More)
BACKGROUND A majority of patients with asthma believe that psychological factors (particularly stress) can induce asthma attacks, but empirical support for actual stress-induced airways obstruction is controversial. This study tested the hypothesis that stress induces breathlessness and not airways obstruction. METHODS Stress was induced by a frustrating(More)
For continuous monitoring of the respiratory condition of patients, e.g., at the intensive care unit, computer assistance is required. Existing mechanical devices, such as the peak expiratory flow meter, provide only with incidental measurements. Moreover, such methods require cooperation of the patient, which at, e.g., the ICU is usually not possible. The(More)
Breathlessness and negative emotions during asthma attacks interact in complex patterns. This study tested the influence of emotional imagery on breathlessness during voluntary breath holding. Adolescents with and without asthma (n = 36 + 36) were assigned to positive imagery, negative imagery, or no imagery. There were four trials with close to thresholds(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that patients with a congenital heart disease are sensitive regarding heartbeat perception, reflected in enhanced attention for heartbeat, estimation of own heart rate, and a vulnerability to become anxious by listening to heartbeat sounds. Twenty adults with a congenital heart disease, and 20 healthy controls conducted 3(More)