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BACKGROUND The forced oscillation technique (FOT) allows analysis of the upper airway impedance and, hence, detection of obstructive sleep apnea. OBJECTIVE To evaluate FOT with respect to sensitivity and to specificity in online detection of sleep-disordered breathing patterns and to compare algorithmic onset detection time with manual onset time markers(More)
The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a non-invasive method which may be suitable for assessing upper airway obstruction in obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro if FOT can provide an early detection index of total or partial upper airway occlusion. A respiratory system analog was(More)
Glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis are the hallmarks of chronic renal diseases. In the present study, we have investigated the potential involvement of various proteinases in these alterations in the model of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephrosis. Two groups of male Wistar rats were given either three or seven injections of PAN (2.0(More)
Recent studies suggest that proteolytic enzymes are involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix components of the renal glomerulus. In the present study, the effects of feeding 3 different protein diets on glomerular cysteine proteinase and metalloproteinase activities to healthy rats for 6 weeks were examined. The diets contained 5, 20, or 60%(More)
Twenty-nine patients who incurred a transperitoneal low-velocity gunshot wound to their spine were evaluated for the occurrence of spinal infectious complications. All patients underwent an exploratory laparotomy to determine the extent of viscera involvement. No attempt was made to debride the involved spinal area, and the bullet was not removed unless it(More)
Pharyngeal collapse in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is linked to decreased upper airway muscle activity. We hypothesised that decreased muscle activity causes decreased stiffness of the upper airway wall and assumed that a decrease in wall stiffness would result in a change point (CP) of the morphology of phase angle time series(More)
Repetitive occurrence of partial or total upper airway obstruction characterizes several respiratory dysfunctions such as the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In OSAS patients, pharyngeal collapses are linked to a decrease in upper airway muscle activity during sleep which causes decreased upper airway wall stiffness. Continuous positive airway(More)
Photosynthetic organisms have light-harvesting complexes that absorb and transfer energy efficiently to reaction centers. Light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) have received increased attention in order to understand the natural photosynthetic process and also to utilize their unique properties in fabricating efficient artificial and bio-hybrid devices to(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances of microcirculation and accompanying alterations of oxygen supply are central pathophysiological events in trauma and sepsis. There is evidence that omega-3 fatty acids can modulate prostaglandin formation and thereby regional blood flow. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of chemically defined structured lipids (SL)(More)