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We have identified a novel 69-kD peptide autoantigen (ICA69) associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by screening a human islet lambda gt11 cDNA expression library with cytoplasmic islet cell antibody positive sera from relatives of IDDM patients who progressed to the overt disease. The deduced open reading frame of the ICA69 cDNA(More)
Technology has become available to cost-effectively analyze thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We recently confirmed by genotyping a small series of class I alleles and microsatellite markers that the extended haplotype HLA-A1-B8-DR3 (8.1 AH) at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a common and conserved haplotype. To further(More)
The IDDM 17 locus was mapped to an 8-cM interval at chromosome 10q25.1 based on linkage in a large Bedouin Arab family with 19 affected relatives. Caspase 7 (CASP7), an apoptosis-related cysteine protease, is one of the few known genes in this region. CASP7 is involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Only 1 of the(More)
As part of a general program of screening islet expression libraries we have identified a clone from a lambda gt11 human islet expression library that reacts with human diabetic sera and, upon sequencing, was determined to be the neuroendocrine islet autoantigen ICA512 (islet cell antigen 512). In the current communication, we describe the development of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Certain human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR,DQ genotypes have been associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) risk, although it is unknown whether the association is due to alleles, haplotypes, genotypes, the formation of heterodimers, or all of the above. To characterize the role of the HLA-DR,DQ genotype and ethnicity on the onset age of T1DM,(More)
IDDM17 on chromosome 10 was identified in an initial genome screen of 13 members (10 affected) of a large Bedouin Arab family that had 19 relatives affected with type 1 diabetes. Two more children have now been diagnosed with the disease. A second genome screen with 45 members (17 affected members, spouses, and offspring; 382 markers) was performed. A(More)
The HLA-DRB1*15:01-DQA1*01:02-DQB1*06:02 haplotype is linked to protection from the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, it is not known at which stages in the natural history of T1D development this haplotype affords protection. We examined a cohort of 3,358 autoantibody-positive relatives of T1D patients in the Pathway to Prevention (PTP) Study(More)
Type 1 diabetes and celiac disease are both immunologic disorders where specific HLA alleles are associated with disease risk. We have developed a radioassay for autoantibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) following the report that this enzyme is 'the' endomysial autoantigen (EMA) of celiac disease. The radioassay for transglutaminase autoantibodies is(More)
Type 1A diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disorder the risk of which is increased by specific HLA DR/DQ alleles [e.g., DRB1*03-DQB1*0201 (DR3) or DRB1*04-DQB1*0302 (DR4)]. The genotype associated with the highest risk for T1D is the DR3/4-DQ8 (DQ8 is DQA1*0301, DQB1*0302) heterozygous genotype. We determined HLA-DR and -DQ genotypes at birth and analyzed(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Genetic and environmental factors contribute in this disease. There is evidence that MHC class I chain-related gene (MIC-A) plays a role in the susceptibility to this and other autoimmune diseases. There are five alleles of the MIC-A(More)