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We used conditional knockout strategies in mice to determine the developmental events and gene expression program regulated by the LIM-homeodomain factor Islet1 in developing sensory neurons. Early development of the trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia was grossly normal in the absence of Islet1. From E12.5 onward, however, Isl1 mutant embryos showed a loss(More)
Brn3a/Brn-3.0 is a POU-domain transcription factor expressed in primary sensory neurons of the cranial and dorsal root ganglia and in specific neurons in the caudal CNS. Mice lacking Brn3a undergo extensive sensory neural death late in gestation and die at birth. To further examine Brn3a expression and the abnormalities that accompany its absence, we(More)
The TrkA/NGF receptor is essential for the survival and differentiation of sensory neurons. The molecular mechanisms regulating tissue and stage-specific expression of TrkA are largely unknown. The Brn3a POU-domain transcription factor has been implicated in the development of the PNS and proposed as a transcription regulator for TrkA. The molecular(More)
Brn3a is a POU-domain transcription factor expressed in peripheral sensory neurons and in specific interneurons of the caudal CNS. Sensory expression of Brn3a is regulated by a specific upstream enhancer, the activity of which is greatly increased in Brn3a knockout mice, implying that Brn3a negatively regulates its own expression. Brn3a binds to highly(More)
Mice lacking the POU-domain transcription factor Brn3a exhibit marked defects in sensory axon growth and abnormal sensory apoptosis. We have determined the regulatory targets of Brn3a in the developing trigeminal ganglion using microarray analysis of Brn3a mutant mice. These results show that Brn3 mediates the coordinated expression of neurotransmitter(More)
The POU-domain transcription factor Brn3a is expressed in specific neurons of the caudal CNS and peripheral sensory nervous system. The sensory neurons of mice lacking Brn3a exhibit marked defects in axon growth and extensive apoptosis in late gestation. Here we show that expression of the developmental regulator FGF10 is approximately 35-fold increased in(More)
Numerous transcription factors have been identified which have profound effects on developing neurons. A fundamental problem is to identify genes downstream of these factors and order them in developmental pathways. We have previously identified 85 genes with changed expression in the trigeminal ganglia of mice lacking Brn3a, a transcription factor encoded(More)
The POU-domain transcription factor Brn3a is expressed in developing sensory neurons at all levels of the neural axis, including the trigeminal ganglion, hindbrain sensory ganglia, and dorsal root ganglia. Changes in global gene expression in the trigeminal ganglion from E11.5 to E13.5 reflect the repression of early neurogenic genes, exit from the cell(More)
BACKGROUND General somatic sensation is conveyed to the central nervous system at cranial levels by the trigeminal ganglion (TG), and at spinal levels by the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Although these ganglia have similar functions, they have distinct embryological origins, in that both contain neurons originating from the neural crest, while only the TG(More)
Mice lacking the POU-domain transcription factor Brn3a exhibit growth defects in trigeminal axons, undergo extensive sensory cell death in late gestation, and die at birth. Based on tissue culture studies, the mediator of apoptosis Bcl-2 has been suggested as a target of Brn3a regulation which could affect sensory viability in these mice. In addition, Bcl-2(More)