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Nutritional status is a primary factor in the effects of xenobiotics and may be an important consideration in development of safety standards and assessment of risk. One important xenobiotic consumed daily by millions of people worldwide is alcohol. Some adverse effects of ethanol, such as alcohol liver disease, have been linked to diet. For example,(More)
The effects of cocaine and benzoylecognine ethyl ester (ethylcocaine), its metabolite found only in simultaneous users of cocaine and ethanol, were studied in rats responding for food under a multiple fixed-ratio fixed-interval schedule of food presentation. Both cocaine and ethylcocaine increased rates of responding under the fixed-interval component and(More)
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