S. Prakash

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In this paper, we evaluate the impact of signal to noise ratio (SNR) on the PHY-level packet loss rates on IEEE 802.15.4 links under the additive white gaussian noise and Rayleigh fading models. We show that IEEE 802.15.4 PHY-level packet loss rate has a step-like response to the SNR deterioration. In other words, the packet loss rate is largely unaffected(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) has become the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD), is known to occur in diabetic patients. The renal and retinal relationship in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with nephropathy is not uniform. This study was carried to study the histological spectrum of nephropathy in type 2(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Dengue virus (DV) infection has emerged as a major health problem in north India. Here, we report the annual trend of dengue virus infection as seen in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, during 2008-2010. METHODS Blood samples from clinically suspected cases of dengue virus infection were collected and history was taken on structured clinical(More)
This paper discusses the issues involved in developing an intelligent back end for a goal directed simulation environment. The intelligent back end serves to analyze the simulation output and suggest changes to the model parameters that may lead the simulation towards the goals. The main thrust is on incorporating domain behavioral knowledge to the back(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important cause of hospitalization and morbidity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. However, the data on AKI in such patients is limited. The aim of the present study was to analyze the incidence, causes and outcome of AKI in HIV-positive patients from our antiretroviral therapy centre. All HIV-positive(More)
BACKGROUND Solitary cysticercus granuloma (SCG) of the brain is the most common type of neurocysticercosis in India. In this study, we evaluated TLR4 polymorphisms in patients with SCG. METHODS One-hundred-forty-three patients with SCG and 134 controls were enrolled. Assessment for TLR4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphism was done. TLR4 genotype was(More)
Human parvovirus 4 (Parv4) is a relatively new virus. Association of this virus with any human disease is yet to be established. We detected human parvovirus 4 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of two patients presenting with acute encephalitis syndrome in northern India. This is the first report of the Parv4 genome sequence from northern India.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES The epidemiology of dengue fever (DF) is complex in the Indian subcontinent as all the four serotypes are circulating. This study reports observations on dengue cases from a virus diagnostic laboratory of a north Indian tertiary care hospital catering to areas in and around Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. METHODS Serum samples were(More)
Vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene abnormalities confer susceptibility to tuberculosis. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), such asTLR-2, are also important mediators of inflammatory response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We evaluated serum vitamin D, and VDR and TLR-2 gene polymorphisms in patients with spinal tuberculosis.This study(More)