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The effects on the immune system of a 520-day isolation in a confined environment, simulating some conditions of a manned space flight to Mars, have been studied. A set of signs of adaptational reorganization, including quantitative and functional changes in innate and adaptive immunity, have been recorded. The most significant ones include the changes in(More)
Results of innate and adaptive immunity indicators research at 12 cosmonauts who took part in long (128-215 days) expeditions to the International space station (ISS) are presented. It is shown that a space flight can lead to deflection of deviations in human immune system. These shifts occurred in decrease of phagocytes, NK, T-lymphocytes functional(More)
Environmental factors have long been known to influence immune responses. In particular, clinical studies about the association between migration and increased risk of atopy/asthma have provided important information on the role of migration associated large sets of environmental exposures in the development of allergic diseases. However, investigations(More)
The species composition of anemonefishes (Amphiprioninae) and host sea anemones (Actiniaria: Actiniidae, Stichodactylidae) from the Con Son Islands is given for the first time. The investigations carried out in archipelago waters revealed four species of the anemonefishes associated with four species of the host sea anemones: Amphiprion freanatus in the(More)
The results of studying the system of the osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (OPG/RANKL) in 22 Russian cosmonauts after long-term (124–199 days) International Space Station missions are presented. It was found that early readaptation period is associated with changes in the serum concentrations of OPG and RANKL and the(More)
We performed an analysis of allozyme variation in brown trout from Vorobiev creek. Seventeen allozyme loci encoding glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AAT), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and esterase D (EST-D) were studied. We found statistically significant(More)
The paper deals with the results of the effects of 520-day isolation and confinement modeling some elements of a mission to Mars on the immune system. Longitudinal analyses revealed that the mechanisms of adaptive response of the human immune system to the conditions of extremely long isolation led to a change of the parameters, characterizing innate and(More)
The study of the adaptive immunity system of six test subjects volunteered for a 105-day isolation and confinement in an artificial environment showed activation of the immune system and overstrain and depletion of its functional reserve. Significant differences in the adaptability of the immune system of the test subjects indicate individual susceptibility(More)
Studies on adaptive immunity of six subjects who volunteered for 105-day isolation and confinement showed activation of the immune system, overstraining and even depletion of the immunity functional reserve. Significant differences in adaptability of the immune system of the subjects indicate individual-specific susceptibility to disorders of immune(More)
High stress level in the mechanisms responsible for adaptation to physical work affects the human immune system. Therefore, the effectiveness of countermeasures of reduced physical activity was studied using some parameters of the immune system. Our purpose was to examine how different types of exercises can modify physical performance and immune function(More)